Written by Ashwin Dewan and published on 31 May 2021.
Children suffering from low platelet count are at a risk of bleeding more when compared to others. Here is a list of foods that can help increase the blood platelet count naturally
After last week's visit to the family doctor, Rati Agnihotri, mother to six-year-old Drupad, is worried for her son. For the past few months, Rati has been noticing that whenever Drupad sustained an injury or a cut during play, the bleeding would continue for a long time. Initially, Rati thought it wasn't anything serious. However, when it persisted, she sought a medical opinion and discovered her son was suffering from thrombocytopenia a condition caused by a low platelet count in the blood. This caused her son to bleed excessively when compared to other children.
Often, children with a low platelet count are prone to bleeding and bruising easily. Even a minor injury like a cut after a fall may lead to excess bleeding.
What is a platelet count?
Platelets are a component of blood that helps in blood clotting by clumping together and forming plugs. A platelet count represents the number of platelets present in 1 microlitre of blood.
Typically, the normal range for platelet count is 1,50,000 to 3,00,000 per microlitre of blood. In the case of thrombocytopenia, the patient's platelet count would be well below the normal count of 1,50,000. When there is a significant drop in the platelet count, say below 20,000, additional platelets need to be given through transfusion* to support the child as there is a serious risk of excessive blood loss during injury, says Dr Santanu Sen, Consultant in Paediatrics, Paediatric Oncology & Stem Cell Transplantation.
*Transfused platelets only last for three days; so some children may require more than one transfusion.
What causes low platelet count in children?
The reason for low platelet count or thrombocytopenia in children is often due to a condition known as idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). The immune system of the body mistakenly starts attacking and destroying the platelets due to unknown causes. Low platelet count can also be due to disorders such as bacterial or viral infections, blood cancer, bone marrow failure, a side effect of medications and exposure to toxic chemicals.
When there is a significant drop in the platelet count, say below 20,000, additional platelets need to be given through transfusion to support the child as there is a serious risk of excessive blood loss during injury Does blood transfusion help increase platelet count?
Blood transfusion plays no role in increasing the platelet count, says Dr Sen. At the most, transfusion will only improve haemoglobin levels for an anemic child. For the platelet count to move up, the child who has a low platelet count will need a platelet transfusion. Treatment and medication can also help ease the condition, he adds.
How to increase low platelet count in children?
Often, the medication to boost platelet count in children is expensive and treatment options involve hospitalization. While many cases may require the child to undergo medical treatment, the best way to increase platelet count in children is through the consumption of certain foods such as:
This fruit contains minerals that help fight low platelet count in children. It is rich in antioxidants, which help in boosting the immune system. You can either give your child pomegranate juice or add the fruit to different types of salad.
This fruit is known for its medicinal properties that include maintaining a good platelet count. Children who are suffering from dengue should have papaya to revive their blood platelet count. Fresh papaya helps the body produce healthy blood cells.
Along with its seeds, pumpkin helps in the production of new red blood cells and reviving the platelet count. Pumpkin contains high levels of iron, which spikes the production of platelets in the bloodstream.
Eggs contain significant amounts of vitamin B12, which play an important role in the formation of red blood cells. Low levels of this vitamin may contribute to low platelet count in children.
Consuming eggs regularly can help children get the required amount of vitamin B12 in the body. This, in turn, prevents the platelet count from falling below normal.
This green vegetable is loaded with vitamin C, which enhances the ability of the body to absorb iron, which in turn helps increase platelets.
6. Milk and yogurt
These are both rich in vitamin D, which plays a vital role in the normal functioning of the bone marrow that produces platelets and other blood cells.
Although it is difficult to prevent the occurrence of excessive bleeding completely in children suffering from low platelet count or thrombocytopenia, certain tips may help as mentioned below:
The University of Rochester Medical Centers Health Encyclopedia describes platelets thus: Platelets are tiny blood cells that help your body form clots to stop bleeding. If one of your blood vessels gets damaged, it sends out signals that are picked up by platelets. The platelets then rush to the site of damage and form a plug or clot to repair the damage. So, if your child gets a cut anywhere on his body during play or an accident, the platelets will be responsible for stopping the bleeding. But, in the case of low platelet count, excess blood loss can occur resulting in health conditions like anemia.
If your child has over 4,50,000 platelets, it is not a healthy count. In fact, it can be a sign of thrombocytosis. The excess number of platelets in the blood may indicate a blood and bone marrow disease.
There are two types of thrombocytosis:
If your child has less than 1,50,000 platelets, it is a sign of thrombocytopenia. Symptoms of such a low platelet count include easy bruising, frequent bleeding from the gums and nose, and abnormal bleeding from cuts.
If you suspect your child may have a low platelet count, a simple blood test will confirm or rule it out. Also, having a low platelet count does not mean your child should stop playing games or going out completely, for fear of an injury or a cut. If proper preventive measures are followed, including ways to control the bleeding, as advised by your doctor, then it will go a long way in helping your child.