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    Parents, check out these simple and engaging games and activities for children with special needs and autism

    Aarthi Arun Aarthi Arun 11 Mins Read

    Aarthi Arun Aarthi Arun

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    Written by Aarthi Arun and published on 17 May 2021.

    All children benefit from play, but an autistic or special needs child may find it difficult to participate in traditional games. Here are 10 games that such children can engage in

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    Parents, check out these simple and engaging games and activities for children with special needs and autism

    UNICEF says play is the basic right for every child and, that is no different for a child with special needs. It's through play that your child understands the world around him, learns problem-solving, builds self-esteem and improves his motor and social skills. Not to mention the sheer fun of playing. For a child with special needs, the rigorous standards and the competitive nature of traditional games can be overwhelming.

    So, here are some games and activities for your child to let her hair down and have some serious fun.

    Simple games and activities for children with special needs

    The games listed here are suitable for all children irrespective of their physical or psychological challenges. These games are especially suitable for children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), learning disabilities, speech and language delays, Down syndrome, physical disabilities and cerebral palsy.

    Fun indoor activities for autistic children

    1. Match the cards

    Age: 3 to 5 years
    Benefits: Memory, concentration and social skills
    Suitable for: Speech and Language delay, learning disability

    Memory matching cards are easily available in the market. You can play this simple game by arranging pairs of matching cards face down in random order. You and your child can take turns in flipping the cards. You need to flip twice, and if you get a matching pair, you can take the cards. If not, you continue playing until all the cards are matched.

    2. Make some art

    Age: 3 to 5 years
    Benefits: Motor coordination, self-confidence and creativity
    Suitable for: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Learning Disability, Down Syndrome, Cerebral Palsy

    Can there be anything better to boost your child's self-confidence than creating something on her own? Painting with cut vegetables and fruits is easy, and soon, your child will be beaming at the masterpiece she has created.

    3. Build structures 

    Ages: 3 to 5 years, 6 to 9 years
    Benefits: Creativity, problem-solving, social skills
    Suitable for: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Learning Disability

    Blocks are a staple in every child's toy collection, so dump them out and start playing. Autistic children follow a strict routine and find it difficult to break from their repetitive behaviour. By building different structures, your child can venture into trying new things and develop creativity. You can start by asking your child to copy a structure first. Then, slowly encourage him to build structures on his own.

    4. Dance to a tune

    Ages: 3 to 5 years, 6 to 9 years
    Benefits: Confidence, spatial awareness, motor and social skills
    Suitable for: Down Syndrome, Autism Spectrum Disorders, Physical disability, Cerebral Palsy, Learning Disability

    Dancing is great for self-expression and for keeping your child's body in shape. And all that tapping, stomping and twirling are so much fun. Even for children who are wheelchair-bound, dancing can help in flexibility and improve upper body strength. When you incorporate music into it, your child's brain gets a boost of endorphins, the feel-good hormones, which will relax her. Also, by involving in a dance session with friends and family, your child can hone her social skills.

    5.Treasure hunt

    Games
    Ages: 3 to 5 years, 6 to 9 years
    Benefits: Improves observation skills
    Suitable for: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Learning Disability

    Hide your child's favourite toys or items in places where it is safe for him to access. You can give him either verbal clues or visual clues such as a drawing on a piece of paper. Don't forget to treat him with his favorite cookies once he is able to find the hidden object. This fun indoor activity will help to develop your child's focus and concentration, and keep him engaged while indoors.

    6. Roll a dice

    Games
    Age: 6 to 9 years
    Benefits: Self-confidence and social skills
    Suitable for: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Speech and Language Delay

    Board games are powerful tools for family bonding and learning social skills like sharing and taking turns. Choose a game of your child's liking and remember to tweak the rules to suit him with an aim to let him have fun.

    7. Go tech

    Games
    Age: 6 to 9 years
    Benefits: Self-confidence, creativity, problem-solving, independence
    Suitable for: Visual and Hearing impairment, Speech and Language Delay

    Technology activities enable a child with special needs to feel accomplished and empowered. There are many games online and apps for your child to try and learn better about the world around him.

    Fun outdoor activities for autistic children

    1. Playing with bubbles

    Games
    Age: 3 to 5 years
    Benefits: Motor-coordination and social skills

    Bubble play can be a fun activity for your child. One of the main benefits of bubble play is that it encourages parent-child interaction. Since your child needs your support in blowing the bubbles, he will make more eye-to-eye contact with you or try to communicate verbally using a sound or a word. This activity is also good for motor development as your child will run around quite a bit trying to catch and burst the bubbles.

    2. Throw a ball

    Games

    Ages: 3 to 5 years, 6 to 9 years
    Benefits: Motor-coordination, self-confidence and social skills
    Suitable for: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Cerebral Palsy, Learning Disability

    Physical play can enhance your child's awareness of his body and build endurance. More than that, participating in a sports activity can do a lot to your child's psyche. Line up some plastic glasses and play a bowling game. According to your child's abilities, you can also consider including rules or involve him in a more formal game.

    3. Splash in the water

    Games
    Ages: 3 to 5 years, 6 to 9 years
    Benefits: Motor coordination and social skills
    Suitable for: Autism Spectrum Disorders

    Water is therapeutic. Playing in the water can calm and soothe your child's nerves. For a younger child, add some bath toys to an inflatable pool and let her have fun. Make sure an adult is supervising when the child is in the water. An older child can have fun outdoors with a garden hose or sprinkler.

    4. Hide and seek

    Games
    Ages: 3 to 5 years, 6 to 9 years
    Benefits: Motor coordination and social skills

    Playing a game of hide-and-seek is a great way to help your autistic child interact and socialize with her siblings or other children. As much as possible, play the game in an enclosed area and ensure supervision of your child the whole time. Use a bit of role-play to make your child understand the game and show her some safe places to hide. This game will help your child develop important social and analytical skills which are useful later in life.

    Sensory activities for kids with autism

    1. Create a sensory tub

    Games
    Age: 3 to 5 years
    Benefits: Motor coordination and problem solving
    Suitable for: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Speech and Language Delay.

    Processing sensory information can be a challenge for children with Autism Spectrum Disorders or other developmental delays. A sensory bin can come in handy to integrate your child's senses and improve his attention. Take a big, shallow tub and add household items like rice, lentils or flour. You can also add food colour to make it interesting. Let your child scoop, pour, measure, etc., and have a blast.

    2. Sorting with snacks

    Games
    Age: 3 to 5 years
    Benefits: Motor coordination and problem solving

    Give your child a plate with a variety of snacks that are different in shape, colour and texture. Ask your child to sort the snacks based on these characteristics. You can also use this sensory activity to teach basic maths skills such as addition and subtraction. Reward your child if he cooperates well with the activity by letting him eat the snack.

    3. Colourful ice painting art

    Games
    Age: 3 to 5 years
    Benefits: Colour recognition, observation skills

    This is a fun and simple sensory activity that you can introduce to your child. Fill an ice tray with acrylic paints and allow it to freeze in the refrigerator. You can take the paints out once frozen and let your child draw beautiful patterns with them on a sheet of paper. The sensory stimulation from using the cold ice paint will surely delight your child.

    4. Jewellery with yummy snacks

    Games
    Ages: 3 to 5 years, 6 to 9 years
    Benefits: Sensorimotor skill development, hand-eye coordination

    Making edible jewellery is one fun activity that your child is bound to enjoy. Help your child string items like ring-shaped breakfast cereals, candies, crispies and tiny biscuits to make some stylish and yummy jewellery. Knot both the ends and adorn your child with the necklace before she can start munching on it. Threading small items with holes will help improve your child's fine motor skills.

    5. Create a textured sensory collage

    Games
    Ages: 3 to 5 years, 6 to 9 years
    Benefits: Fine motor skills, coordination, problem-solving

    Help your child create a sensory collage with items of distinct textures and shapes. These items could include anything from fabric, glitter, or paint to even leaves, mud or sand. Give him a sheet of paper or cardboard on which he can stick these items to form a collage. This activity will offer him a tactile and visual experience that will keep him engaged for hours.

    6. Make a glitter sensory bottle

    Games
    Age: 6 to 9 years
    Benefits: Motor coordination, hand-eye coordination, sensory regulation

    Making a glitter sensory bottle can be a fun sensory activity for autistic children. For this activity, you will need a clean empty plastic bottle, glitter, watercolours, and a glue gun. First, fill one-quarter of the bottle with soapy water. Then invite your child to add in some glitter and watercolour in the bottle. Then proceed to fill the bottle with warm water and seal the cap tightly with a glue gun. Letting your child play with the sensory bottle can help her stay calm and relaxed. It can also help as a calming tool to manage your child when she is having a meltdown.

    7. Sensory play with textured rubbing 

    Games
    Age: 6 to 9 years
    Benefits: Sensorimotor skill development, hand-eye coordination

    Rubbing on a textured surface is a good tactile activity for children on the spectrum. Coin rubbing is one such sensory activity that you can incorporate into your child's daily routine. You will need some coins, a plain piece of paper and a pencil or crayons for this activity. Ask your child to keep the paper on top of the coin and rub the crayon over it. Not only will he enjoy creating colourful patterns, but it will also help improve his hand-eye coordination.

    Social skills activities for autistic children

    Socializing can be very difficult for children on the autistic spectrum. Here are some social skill activities which will help them interact and communicate with others around them.

    Put on a show

    Games
    Age: 3 to 5 years
    Benefits: Imagination, emotional intelligence and social skills
    Suitable for: Autism Spectrum Disorders, Speech and Language Delay

    Puppets, soft toys and dolls give an opportunity for your child to understand abstract concepts, involve in imaginative play and practise spontaneity. Play a game where you line up your childs puppets and act out a scene. You can be vivid and expressive and encourage your child to follow suit. This way, your child can learn to identify emotions.

    2. Follow the leader

    Games

    Age: Older kids and teenagers

    Autistic children often have trouble with routine daily activities. This social skill activity will help your teen perform simple activities such as making her own bed, changing her dress or preparing breakfast. The idea is to break down a task like making the bed into three or four steps. Announce that you are going to make the bed. Show your child each step carefully and ask her to mimic your steps. With repetition, your child will be able to do this on her own. Follow the same method to teach her to become independent with other routine tasks.

    3. Emotion sorting activity

    Games

    Age: Younger kids and teenagers

    Kids with autism often struggle to express or identify emotions. Use this simple activity to help them learn what each emotion

    These games and activities not only help engage your kids but also encourage them to be spontaneous and enjoy themselves. Not to mention that these games are inclusive of special needs and disabled children.


    Comments

    Anonymous
    31 days ago

    Interesting games. It's usually quite difficult to handle, but my son loved some of these above games. Thank you

    Troy Oh Aug 16 2019

    I like how my kid is performing some art in the house.

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