An emergency specialist shares ten essential items that every first aid kit must contain. Do you have everything on the list? Read on to find out
What would you do if your child comes running to you with a bruised knee or a cut on the elbow after a fall? What if you get a deep cut on your finger while chopping vegetables? Do you know what to do if someone has a heart attack?
Every day, there is a likely chance of such situations happening (we pray they don’t), and it’s better to be prepared rather than be caught unawares when they do. Most importantly, you need to have the necessary first aid supplies to handle them.
We tend to ignore learning about first aid because we believe that the necessity to use it might not arise in our lives. On this World First Aid Day, we ask you one question – if knowing about first aid can help you handle a situation and maybe even save a life, then why not learn more about it?
World First Aid Day was introduced by the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) to stress how first aid can help save lives. This day is observed worldwide on the second Saturday of September every year to create awareness about first aid.
This article will guide you on what a first aid kit must have, with recommendations from an emergency specialist, and also lead you to sources to learn more about first aid.
Dr Ram Mohan, the Head of Emergency at MGM Healthcare, talks about ten crucial first aid kit items.
If there are elders at home who have previously experienced chest pain or heart attack, add this to your first aid kit. This tablet thins the blood and hence prevents the recurrence of heart attacks. Administer one 300 mg pill or four pills of 75 mg each to the affected person in case of emergency. This pill can be used as a loading dose (initial high dose before treatment) before taking the individual to the hospital for further treatment.
This is another essential pill for people at risk of heart disease or blood clots. This antiplatelet drug prevents dangerous blood clots and reduces the risk of heart ailments and stroke. This is usually taken with aspirin. Give the affected person one 300 mg pill or four pills of 75 mg each as a loading dose.
This is a common pain reliever that is taken to reduce fever or body pain. It works by controlling the chemicals which cause pain and inflammation. Use the correct dosage after food, as directed by your physician.
This is used to treat gastritis and acid reflux. It also prevents the acidity caused in the digestive system due to the intake of painkillers. Take the correct dosage as directed by your physician. This can also be administered to children in lesser dosage than for adults.
This medication prevents and reduces nausea and vomiting. This is a lifesaver when you travel if you are prone to motion sickness. It can be administered to children above four years of age as directed by your pediatrician.
Use this antiseptic lotion to treat wounds or abrasions. It kills microbes and controls their growth, thus preventing infection. Clean the affected area and apply the right dosage as mentioned on the label.
This is handy when you need to clean scrapes and wounds without fear of infection. Clean the affected area, apply an antiseptic if needed, and close with gauze. The gauze prevents contact with dirt or dust and also absorbs excess bodily fluids.
This can be given to children below 12 years of age to relieve fever or body pain. Use as directed by your pediatrician. Check for allergies before using and do not exceed the recommended dosage.
Apply this ointment to treat burns and wounds. This topical ointment contains an ionic form of silver, which can kill microorganisms. Silver also promotes faster healing of the wound by reducing inflammation in the affected area.
The simplest fix for any cut, scrape, wound, or abrasion is a band-aid. Keep this in your first aid box for quick fixes – to control bleeding and cover minor cuts and abrasions. Bandages protect the wound from dirt and bacteria and prevent infection.
Apart from the ten essential items listed by the emergency specialist, here are a few other things you can add to your first aid box.
Keep the first aid kit stocked at all times and replace medicines after their expiry dates. Place the kit out of reach of children and in a place where adults can easily spot it. Also, make a compact one for travel and include the appropriate items. Let us take a step towards learning first aid on this World First Aid Day.