Written by Team ParentCircle and published on 24 June 2021.
Dengue fever is becoming common in children. However, most parents do not recognize its warning signs and symptoms. Here's what you should know about dengue fever prevention and treatment
Dengue fever in children is usually on the rise during the monsoon. According to data from the National Vector Borne Disease Control Program (NVBDCP) and National Health Profile 2018, there has been an alarming increase in dengue in children. From less than 60,000 cases in 2009, the number of dengue patients has risen to 188,401 in 2017.
While governments are doing their best to control the spread of dengue, what can we do to safeguard ourselves and protect our children from this life-threatening disease?
To begin with, we should develop awareness about dengue fever symptoms, its causes, symptoms, warning signs and treatment.
Dengue is one of the few deadliest mosquito-borne diseases in India. It is caused by the dengue virus. The female Aedes aegypti mosquito, which breeds in stagnant water, transmits the disease from one infected person to another. This mosquito species has earned the name tiger mosquitoes due to the stripes pattern on their abdomen. They live in warm, humid climatic conditions and breed in stagnant water. So, monsoon is the time when the incidence of dengue increases.
The cause of dengue is not the female Aedes aegypti mosquito but the dengue virus. The mosquito only acts as a carrier by transferring the virus from the infected individual to others. Children, especially those with low immunity, are at significant risk of dengue infection.
Pediatrician and founder of The Pediatric Network, Dr Atish Laddad, describes the symptoms parents should look for when they suspect their child to have dengue. He also speaks about dengue prevention and treatment methods.
Usually, children with dengue do not show any unique symptoms. However, younger children show severe symptoms. Dengue fever symptoms show up 6 to 7 days after the infection and last for 3 to 10 days. Some of the symptoms of dengue fever in children are:
In some cases, dengue can become more severe, leading to Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever and Dengue Shock Syndrome. The symptoms of these are:
Note: Take your child to a medical practitioner on noticing any of these symptoms.
Dengue treatment for children
It is important to remember that there is no specific medicine or cure for dengue. The only solution is to treat the symptoms. These include:
Admit your child to a hospital if he does not respond to home remedies or goes into shock or shows unstable vital signs such as:
Treatment of severe dengue fever
If the warning signs are ignored and dengue treatment is delayed, your child's condition may turn serious. This usually happens about 3 to 7 days from the onset of symptoms. Treatment when hospitalized comprises the following:
Here's what you can do to protect your child from this deadly disease:
Timely diagnosis and treatment are crucial factors in the recovery from the disease. Ensure you follow these preventive measures and spread the word in your community so that the young and old alike are safeguarded from this disease.