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Do you want your child to study smart? We give you tips and tricks to help him study smart and improve his memory power.
We all wish to possess good memory and during exam time, children are always looking for tips on how to study smart, improve memory power and get better at solving question papers. But the fact is, there is no such thing as being born with good or poor memory. At the most, one can have untrained memory that needs to be trained. For teens, this memory training can happen when they are introduced to specific methods to sharpen their memory. Also, they should be made aware of the types of memory and the different aids that can be used to improve the process of remembering. These aids can be dropped once the retention of a particular exercise becomes automatic. Some adolescent children may even devise strategies of their own to remember facts and concepts once they become familiar with the basic aids.
The three types of memory are sensory, working or short-term and long-term memory. A brief look at each of them will help you understand memory processing better.
Sensory: The information first goes into your sensory memory, where it is briefly recorded. The colour of a car passing by on a highway, an unusual looking tree, and a picture in a magazine - all these things will be quickly replaced by fresh sensory information if nothing is done with this information in the mind.
Working/short-term memory: If you focus your attention on a specific piece of information such as the colour of a car, it may become a part of your working or short-term memory. Here, it survives longer than in the sensory memory as the information is accessed and used from here.
Long-term memory: Long-term memory, on the other hand, is like a safety deposit box in a bank. Once something is in there, it is locked up tight. You can use it whenever necessary. Your child's face is information permanently stored in your long-term memory.
The key is to try and take lessons learnt from sensory memory to working memory or even into the long-term memory, depending upon the need.
Teenagers may have poor memory because of various reasons. Let us take a look at some of them.
While learning, your teenager can use aids like Association, Visualisation and Organisation. He could use any one, or a combination, of these to remember important points.
Let us now look at each of these aids individually and see how they can be used to sharpen your teen's memory.
Association: The ability to link something that you already know with the information that you need to remember is called association. For example, one may use acronyms wherever possible to remember points. Who can forget that VIBGYOR represents the seven colours of the rainbow in order?
You may also use a combination of acronyms and sounds to remember certain information. For example, 'BHAJan by a Zebra' works nicely to remember the emperors of the Mughal Dynasty. In 'BHAJan by a Zebra', B stands for Babur, H for Humayun, A for Akbar and J for Jahangir. 'An' has been taken from Shah Jahan and the zebra is derived from 'zeb' in Aurangzeb.
A mnemonic like 'ShahJ building the Taj' is unlikely to ever make your teen forget who built the Taj Mahal! Children must use associations that they can remember easily, and these can be humorous or hilarious. The difficult name Arnold Schwarzenegger can be associated with Arnold Swords and Daggers or even Aruvaal Somashekaran! The illogical connection can actually help your child remember the difficult name as he learns to associate it with the funny name.
Visualisation: Visualisation is the ability to summon up a vivid and colourful picture in your mind's eye; basically, it is the process of forming mental images. Visualising points in deep red, against a white background, helps to retain those points. Use humour and exaggeration to improve and enhance your teen's mental imagery. For example, 'Timur the fierce' becomes 'Timur the timorous'. Forget logic. The child could remember the capital city Helsinki by remembering a sole object in Hell - a sink, brimming over with fins (Finland).
Organisation: It is the ability to logically and systematically categorise information in the mind's eye. Help your teen follow the 5-step memory technique to read and master a book: Preview, Question, Read, State and Test (easily remembered as PQRST!).
Organisation, in simple terms, refers to a methodical study plan a child follows. This helps not only during regular study throughout the year, but also during revision before the exams.
With these basic memory-enhancing tips, remembering lessons will no longer be a hard task for your teen!
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About the expert:
Written by Ilango on 1 November 2016 and updated on 28 August 2019.
Ilango is a trainer offering unique services to corporate houses and academic institutions through his company, Ace Panacea.
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