10 Road Safety Rules To Teach Your Children
You should teach your child to stay safe on the road just as you would teach her any other skill. Here are some pointers to impart lessons on road safety to your child.
By Dr Priscilla J S Selvaraj
Is your child aware of road safety rules for kids? Does he know how to read the traffic signs? Remember, traffic rules for kids should be an important part of children’s education. This knowledge can help avoid untoward incidents as the ones below.
‘Boy run over by private school bus in front of mother ' (TNN, Navi Mumbai, Feb 15, 2017)
‘Boy hurt in school cab accident dies’ (TOI, Gurugram, May 04, 2017)
‘8-year-old hit by speeding bike, flung into air, dies on spot. The accident, which took place in Karimnagar district of Telangana, was caught on a CCTV’ (indiatoday.in, Hyderabad, July 17, 2017)
These headlines are not the only ones that mention fatal road accidents involving children. They have been randomly picked from umpteen such headlines. Sometimes children are not only victims of road accidents; they are also traffic offenders causing accidents, as the following headline spells out.
‘1 killed as schoolboy celebrating last exam rams car into pavement in Delhi's Kashmere Gate’ (NDTV, New Delhi, April 20, 2017)
Road accident statistics in India
- In 2015, there were a total of 5,01,423 cases of accidents. These left 1,46,133 individuals dead and 5,00,279 injured.
- Out of 1,46,133 people killed, 5,937 were in the age group of 0–14, while 48,420 were in the age group of 15–24.
- Tamil Nadu topped the states in the total number of road accidents (69,059).
- Mumbai had the highest number of road accidents (23,468) while Delhi had the highest number of deaths (1,622) due to road accidents.
- In 2016, there were 4,80,652 road accidents which claimed 1,50,785 lives and left 4,94,624 individuals injured.
- In 2017, there was a decrease in the number of accidents. However, numbers were still high with 4,64,910 accidents claiming the lives of 1,47,913 individuals and leaving 4,70,975 injured.
Source of information: Road Accidents in India, 2015, Government of India, Ministry of Road Transport and Highways, Transport Research Wing.
All these raise a very important question - How safe are our children when they travel on our roads?
During the infant and toddler stages, children live sheltered lives under the constant care of their parents. Their tiny world is limited to their homes. But, when they start going to school, their world expands to include their neighbourhood, school, roads and other public places. This is when they are exposed to the dangers on the road, thanks to the chaotic traffic, and their safety becomes a major concern. No matter what mode of transport they choose, no matter who escorts them, their safety is always a matter of worry and anxiety.
So, what is your role here as a parent? How do you make sure your child stays safe on the road and at the same time does not pose a threat to others’ safety? The first step is to be aware of safety rules for children and impart the basics of road safety to your child.
Here are 10 road safety tips for kids:
Rule No. 1: Interpret road signs – Begin with the basics. Teach your child various road signs and markings, and the meanings associated with them. While you travel on the road together, make it a habit of pointing out to the signs. Begin with the traffic lights (red, yellow and green), and go on to explain the boards displaying various road symbols. You can also use YouTube videos, short films or pictures to explain these concepts. Setting up a sand tray showing roads with traffic lights and sign boards will be a good educational tool. Your child should not only be well-informed about these signs but also adhere to the rules.
Rule No. 2: Ride bicycles carefully – Teach children that bicycles (and motorbikes, when they are old enough to use them) are meant only for two and not more. You should first set the example here. Overloading a vehicle can upset the balance and result in accidents. While riding, tell your child to follow lane discipline. He should stick to his lane and not keep changing lanes. One thing most children love to do is to ride in a zigzag manner with wild abandon – discourage this strictly.
Rule No. 3: Say ‘no’ to using the mobile – Whether you are driving or walking on the road, speaking on the mobile is a big ‘no-no’. Ingrain this lesson in your child early on. Again, practise what you preach.
Rule No. 4: Never ‘jump’ traffic lights – Most of the time, people tend to either zip their way past traffic lights as they are about to change, or do not heed the lights at all. This is one major cause of road accidents. Teach your child, if she is riding her bicycle to school, to never do this.
Rule No. 5: Cross the road with caution – Instruct your child to cross the road carefully and teach him the important lessons on road safety for children..
- Teach him to look to the left, then to the right, and again to the left.
- He should never dart across the road anywhere he wants to. He should use pedestrian crossings (zebra crossing), subways and overbridges meant for the purpose.
- When he crosses, he should walk briskly and not stroll past lazily.
- If he is crossing the road along with a friend or two, tell him firmly that he should not hold anyone’s hand. Most of the time, while holding hands, one person will decide to cross and pull the other, while the other is hesitant to do so. Such pulling and tugging will cause uncertainties on the part of motorists too, and prove to be risky. (Of course, this will not apply when you accompany young children; they should hold on to your hand firmly.)
- The most important point is to never cross before or behind stationary vehicles; you never know when they will move or whether there are vehicles coming from the other side.
Rule No. 6: Do not play on the road – Be it gully cricket or a simple game of run and catch, let your child remember that roads are not play areas. Let him go to the neighbourhood park, if need be, to play such games. Not just playing games, even running on the road should be discouraged.
Rule No. 7: Be alert while walking – Tell your child to be careful and alert while walking on the road. She should not be preoccupied or engrossed in a conversation with her friends. Teach her to sense the sound of various horns, so that she will be able to assess the type of vehicle that is coming behind her. Most importantly, teach her to use the pavement or sidewalk wherever one is available.
Rule No. 8: Stay safe as a passenger – While travelling by buses, cars or trains, instruct your child to not stretch his hand or put his head out. Also, let him hold on to rails firmly when he is standing; sometimes, when the driver applies the brakes suddenly it may lead to freak accidents. Let your child exercise caution while getting on and off vehicles. Let him always get out at the kerb side only. And, underline the risks of footboard travel. Tell your child to never indulge in it.
Rule No. 9: Wear seat belts and helmets – Both drivers and passengers, especially passengers seated in front, should wear seat belts while travelling by car. As far as a two-wheeler is concerned, helmets are a must for drivers. This is a basic lesson your child should learn early on. He may get behind the wheel much later, yet be a model to him by practising this yourself.
Rule No. 10: Prohibit driving a motorised two-wheeler – In India, the legal age to obtain a permanent driving license is completion of 18 years, whereas a provisional or learner’s license can be obtained after completing 16 years. However, the provisional license authorises one to drive only vehicles which are gear-less and less than 50 cc. There is hardly any vehicle that falls under the said category, these days. Therefore, you should never permit your child to drive a two-wheeler until he completes 18 years.
Following these 10 rules will ensure road safety for kids and make sure your child stays safe on the road.
Measures taken by the government traffic police departments
- Educating the general public through awareness drives and special campaigns – animated films, short videos, photographs and slogans are used as tools.
- Organising 'Road Safety Patrol' (PSP) programme (in schools of Tamil Nadu) – this programme enlists the help of school students to regulate traffic near their school; it imparts training based on a curriculum on traffic management, road signs, road rules for kids and road safety; the field work for this programme includes traffic management duty in their school zone; it also includes conduct of essay, oratorial, quiz and drawing competitions on the theme of 'Road Safety'.
- Conducting 'Road Safety Weeks' – special drives and programmes are conducted throughout the week on issues related to road safety, the goal being, creating an awareness among the general public.
- Making it mandatory for buses of educational institutions to be painted in 'yellow colour' so as to differentiate them from other buses, so that it will alert drivers of all other vehicles to drive cautiously when they are near these buses (in Tamil Nadu).
Source of information: Official websites of the Tamil Nadu Police Traffic Warden Organisation, the Hyderabad Traffic Police and the Government of Tamil Nadu, State Transport Authority.
"Students of NCC and the Scouts and Guides movements take up the role of road safety patrol and manage the traffic near our school.
We also get parents to help regulate traffic near our school.
Physical education and Yoga teachers are also allocated duties in managing traffic.
We have staggered school working hours, so that each section (primary, middle and high school) has different timings. This helps control traffic congestion to a great extent.
In collaboration with the Traffic Commissioner's office and the Road Transport Offices (RTOs), we conduct regular awareness campaigns, especially for students of classes 6–8.
We ensure that the school vans drop off children only inside the school campus and not on the road. (Of course, we have no control over other private vehicles which drop off children on the road itself, despite being requested not to do so.)
We ensure that parents or their representatives receive kindergarten and primary school children as soon as they alight from the school vans; only then does the vehicle depart from the drop-points.
We conduct regular essay writing and speech competitions on road safety.
All our school vans are inspected on a weekly basis by the RTO officials; all vehicles are fitted with GPS, emergency exit, etc.
We have students taking up the role of 'Green Ambassadors' and creating awareness among parents and private vehicle drivers on emission norms; they also talk to drivers about the use of helmets and seat-belts, and the black 'bulls-eye' stickers on the headlights.
We send circular to children to not permit their children to drive any vehicle to school, and we have monitors keeping an eye open for anyone who flouts this rule."
— Mrs S Amudhalakshmi, Principal, Chettinad Vidyashram, Raja Annamalaipuram, Chennai
Road safety apps
While you and your child try to do the best to follow traffic rules and regulations, here are a few apps to make your driving experience safer:
Drivemode: This app comes as a boon for those who keep getting calls and messages on their phone. With voice-enabled commands, this app allows the phone user to answer calls or send and hear messages without touching the phone. It can be configured to launch automatically when the user begins driving.
Android auto: Developed by Google, this app takes the help of Google assistant to give you traffic alerts, updates about the route, estimated arrival time, accessing contact list, receiving and sending messages from WhatsApp, Skype and so on.
DriveU: Not in a condition to drive home after a long day at work or after a party? Worry not. DriveU helps you get a trained, professional driver in minutes.
RoadSafe: This app packs in a number of helpful tools for the highway commuter. It allows the commuter to find places of interest, hospitals, petrol pumps, call a tow truck or highway patrol and much more.
About the author:
Written by Dr Priscilla J S Selvaraj, PhD (Eng & Edu) on 18 July 2017; updated on 4 September 2019
The author is an educationist, language specialist and writer. In a career spanning over two decades, she has taught from preschool to B-School and trained teachers, master trainers and software professionals. She is also a former member of curriculum and syllabus development committees (Govt of Tamil Nadu). Her passion for the written word matches her enthusiasm for entertaining little kids by breaking out into nursery rhymes.
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