Cystic Fibrosis (CF) in children is a genetic disorder that causes severe damage to the lungs and digestive system. In this condition, there are abnormalities in the movement of the body's salt, water and mucus-making cells due to faulty genes. Children inherit this disease through their genes. The affected children produce thick and sticky mucus that clogs the lungs and prevents the pancreas from functioning normally. The reproductive organs of the body may also get affected. Find out about the symptoms, causes, and treatment of cystic fibrosis in children.
According to the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation, there are around 70,000 children with cystic fibrosis around the world. However, there is not enough data available in India about its prevalence. The All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi (AIIMS) published a research paper named 'Cystic Fibrosis in India: Past, Present and Future' in December 2015.
In the paper, the authors, Anirban Mandal, Sushil K Kabra and Rakesh Lodha have pointed out that once thought to be non-existent, there have been regular reports of CF cases from all over India over the years. The first case of CF was reported in the year 1968. CF among Indian children occurs throughout geographic and ethnic groups. However, Indian children with the disorder are diagnosed late and most suffer from malnutrition too. Let's find out the causes, symptoms, diagnosis and treatment for this distressing disease.
Causes of cystic fibrosis in children: who are at risk?
Studies state that Caucasians children are at most risk of being affected by this genetic disorder. However, it is prevalent in all other ethnic groups.
Children inherit the faulty genes that cause the disease, from their parents. However, carriers of these genes, i.e., parents are not affected by the disease.
Symptoms of the disease
The effects of the condition vary from children to children; thus, symptoms of the disease can defer too.