Isn't it right to say life has become so plastic? Its time to become plastic-free. Not for us, but for our children. The future belongs to them. Find out what you can do today, for their tomorrow!
Take a look around your home. Are you surprised at how many plastic items you own? From storage boxes to water bottles, phone cases, toothbrushes, snack packets, carry bags, cutlery from food home delivery apps, online delivery packages - a host of daily products are made of plastic. So where does all this plastic go once you are done with it?
In India, somewhere is most likely the massive mountain of garbage bursting at the seams and otherwise known as the landfill in your city or scattered loose and making its way into water bodies. Though considered a cost-effective waste management method, poor administrative practices make this method a major cause of environmental pollution.
The urban Indian population produces a monstrous 62 million tons of garbage annually. Of this, 5.6 million tons is plastic waste alone. Plastic waste management is one of the biggest causes of worry the world over; India is no exception to the norm as they are unable to handle 87% of their waste properly.
In a worrying fact, it takes 10 to 1000 years for one plastic bag to decompose while plastic bottles take 450 years. If single-use plastic items get banned in India like in other countries, India will look to reduce its annual consumption of 14 million tons of plastic by 5-10%.
Against this grim backdrop, if each one of us take a pledge to reduce plastic in our respective homes and lives, together, we can make a huge difference to planet Earth!
Let's see how to go about it.
The biggest pitfall of using plastic is that majority of them are non-bio-degradable. Plastic contains intermolecular bonds that neither allows it to decompose nor disintegrate. Alarming, right?
According to the Central Pollution Control Board, India generates approximately 25,940 tons of plastic waste on a day to day basis. To understand the magnitude of waste, that is close to the weight of 9000 Asian elephants or 86 Boeing 747 jets.
Improper disposal, leads to plastic finding its way to water bodies and clogging the waterways, and animals consuming them from garbage dumps and dying from eating too much of plastic. The nature of plastic also makes it an extremely flammable material and if due process is not followed it is a grave fire hazard.
In comparison to metals, plastics have a very short life utility wise. This, in turn, leads to piles of extra garbage at home, in the office or at dump yards. While some plastics are recycled, the bulk of them remain uncollected and add to plastic pollution. Moreover, since they are so lightweight, polythene packets are easily blown away by the wind, which leads to them getting scattered and not being recycled.
The simplest and easiest way to make a difference is by Reducing, Reusing and Recycling! Starting small and at home is the simplest way to bring about change, educating yourself and your children on the various ways to be a conscientious individual while purchasing items and disposing of them is crucial. We cover some easy eco-friendly measures later in this article that any family can start practicing in their homes, starting today!
In India, the crux of the problem is not the amount of waste being produced but rather the mammoth chunks that remain untreated on a daily basis.
More than 70% of waste collected from urban areas is discarded directly into the landfills, leading to them overflowing way beyond their capacity.
The landfills are an accident waiting to happen as all it will take is a small spark from a lit match stick or cigarette stub to convert the dumpsites into an inferno of hazardous gasses. The landfills act as a home for toxins, greenhouse gases and leachate.
In another appalling statistic, the ocean is filled with at least 8 million tones of plastic annually. That's equivalent to a garbage truck of plastic being emptied into the ocean each minute!
This has an adverse effect on marine life with fish, turtles and even whales either getting snared in floating fishing nets or ingesting too much plastic leading to their eventual death. Close to a million sea birds and 1,00,000 marine mammals are killed yearly by plastic in the ocean.
Studies predict that by 2050 there will be more plastic in the ocean than marine life. Even one of the most productive ecosystems on the earth coral reefs are affected by the bacteria from plastic. A report from the Ellen MacArthur Foundation, in partnership with the World Economic Forum, warns that unless the plastic industry cleans up its act by 2050, the ocean will consist of more plastic than fish.
Tiny bits of plastic debris smaller than 5mm known as microplastics have made its way into the human food chain. They can be found in daily household products like toothpaste, polyester clothing and large plastic pieces that disintegrate into smaller fragments.
Invisible to the naked eye, microplastics can pass through water filters and straight into your body. These small particles can also contaminate the air and affect agriculture or marine life. Unknowingly you could be consuming microplastics as you feast on your food. A scary thought indeed!
Here are some simple ways in which you can be a socially-responsible citizen by cutting down on plastic usage to contribute to a cleaner nation. Try these tips to reduce the use of plastic in your home.
One of the easiest ways to cut out plastic consumption is by replacing it with sustainable products that can be reused.
|Plastic products||Sustainable replacements|
|Plastic shopping bag||Bags made from cloth, coir, jute or paper|
|Plastic water bottles||Bottles with stainless steel, copper or glass substitutes and straws with stainless steel or paper alternates|
Stainless steel, terracotta or ceramic cups and tumblers, steel or ceramic containers, bamboo or wooden cutting board are all great sustainable and eco-friendly items for your kitchen.
Don't keep replacing your Child's school bag, water bottle, snack box and stationery items often. Instead, reuse the items as long as you can. Further, opt for sustainable items like a steel bottle, tiffin box and cloth stationery pouch.
A stainless steel straw will hardly take any space in your handbag but will do a world of good to your planet. You can also buy foldable cutlery, collapsible cups and boxes that you can use as an alternative to disposable items. In restaurants or cafes, if they offer any plastic cutlery, say no and use your own.
Also, refuse plastic cutlery that restaurants bring along, when they home deliver your food. Use your own cutlery and enjoy your meal or drink!
|Buy ecofriendly and sustainable products||What to look for and what to avoid|
|Shopping at super local market?||Look for Mobius loop or recycling symbol|
|While buying beauty products||Avoid anything that contains polyethene as they are tiny plastic beads|
Indicated by three arrows in a loop, this symbol mostly specifies that the item can be recycled.
Resin Identification codes will classify the kind of plastic resin used to make the item. This is represented by three chasing arrows and a number in the center.
The tidyman symbol is a reminder not to recycle after using but to dispose of the product in the proper manner.
According to the Association of Reproductive Health Professionals; on an average, a woman is estimated to have 450 periods in her lifetime. This means around 11,000 sanitary napkins are used which weigh close to 136kgs of waste.
Sanitary products and diapers are one of the largest landfill contributors and contain close to 90% plastic. Most products are hardly recyclable and some even contain chemicals. Sanitary products have improved exponentially now and women have a host of alternative eco-friendly products to choose from.
|Sustainable and eco-friendly feminine hygiene products||Benefits and how to use|
|Reusable cloth pads||There are environmental friendly, as they are reusable|
|Menstrual cups||Not only are they reusable but you can use a cup or up-to 12 hours after which you empty it|
|Period underwear||Rinse it cold water, place them in a washable mesh bag, and toss them with with the rest of your laundry on a delicate machine cycle|
|Sanitary napkins made from cotton and bamboo fiber||Easily biodegradable and also come in recyclable bags, making this a perfect alternative to regular sanitary napkins|
Like sanitary napkins, the same environmental concern arises while using diapers for babies. So what is the solution? The cheapest and best choice remains with the time tested the use of cloth diapers. They are reusable, light, chemical-free and wont irritate your baby's skin. Few Indian brands have gorgeous cloth diapers with lovely prints and eco-friendly qualities. If you are looking to buy green diapers made of healthier materials it should be chlorine-free, dye-free, latex-free and perfume free. There are biodegradable diapers available too that are more absorbent than the cotton ones.
The key to a well-organized waste management is to guarantee proper segregation of waste materials at the source. This will ensure that the waste goes through the correct channels of recycling and recovery.
Segregating your waste at home is an easy affair once you have gotten the hang of it. You will require three bins in three different colors green, blue and red.
Use the green bin to dispose your biodegradable waste. This will ensure that the waste is kept out of public bins. This will also safeguard stray animals from ingesting mixed waste and reduce the chance of rats spreading diseases. The waste in this bin can be used to create compost for your garden.
The blue bin should contain all your dry waste that is recyclable. This can also be used for making roads.
The red bin is exclusively for hazardous waste which includes sanitary napkins, broken glass, medical wastes, syringes, batteries, blades and hair.
If you follow this method of segregation at home you will avoid a stuffed, messy and stinky garbage dump. Start small in your own home and you are bound to make a difference to your surroundings.
and once your neighbors see the changes they will sure to follow suit. As a community, you can also educate those who are not segregating their waste properly. Lead by example!
As the famous saying goes, little drops of water; make the mighty ocean. So pitch in and do your bit today for a cleaner sustainable world!
There are numerous little ways by which you can reduce plastic usage:
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