Clay has many uses. One of them is that it teaches your child essential skills that can help him be better at academics. Read on to find out in what way clay can help your child’s education.
By Jasmine Kaur
Clay can be moulded into endless forms. Humans have been making objects out of clay for ages — pots, plates, bowls, sculptures, slates and so on. The fact that we have been able to create so many different objects out of clay is a testament to its versatility as a medium. One important benefit of clay is the role it plays in early childhood education. Read on to learn how you can use clay to enhance your child’s learning.
1. Improves hand-eye coordination skills
Hand-eye coordination is a neurological process where the visual input provided by the eye is used to guide the hands in performing a task. For example, catching a ball, writing, pouring water into a glass, etc., all need hand-eye coordination. Moreover, having a good hand-eye coordination can improve your child’s agility, athleticism and handwriting. Using or playing with clay will also help her engage the muscles in her hands and arms.
2. Encourages trial and error
Everyone makes mistakes, especially while in the process of learning something new. Sometimes, these mistakes can be discouraging, especially if they are hard to erase. But, when it comes to working with a lump of clay, it allows for mistakes to be easily corrected. It’s easier for your child to learn and keep trying new things when he knows that making a mistake doesn’t mean that it is the end. While playing with clay, he will be more comfortable in making mistakes, which can help his learning. A research paper, ‘Unsuccessful retrieval attempts enhance subsequent learning’, by Nate Kornell, Matthew Hays and Robert Bjork published in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition (2009) studied this theory. It found that people tend to learn better when they make mistakes compared to when they don’t.
3. Develops fine motor skills
These skills involve the development of the muscles in the hands and fingers. While similar to hand-eye coordination skills, fine motor skills differ as they do not necessarily require the involvement of our eyes. For example, typing can be a fine motor skill, without being a hand-eye coordination skill when practised by a skilled typist. A paper titled, ‘Fine Motor Skills and Early Comprehension of the World: Two New School Readiness Indicators’, by Claire E. Cameron et al, published in Developmental Psychology (2010) found that ‘having good fine motor skills in pre-school is a strong predictor of a child’s later academic achievement in reading and math’. So, learning how to accurately use her fingers to get just the right shape out of clay, can help your child improve her fine motor skills and be better at academics.
4. Teaches creativity
Being creativeis an attribute that is highly valued today. Playing with clay allows your child to use his creativity in moulding different objects as per his desire. And, since it is versatile, he can explore endless possibilities with a small amount of clay.
5. Encourages play-based learning
Play-based learning centres around guided play. In such play, children are still in charge and spontaneous, as they would be in free play. However, parents/educators also actively participate by curating the environment such that the children can learn the lesson. This also comes under the umbrella of activity-based learning. A study published in Educational and Child Psychology (2009), titled, ‘Play, cognition and self-regulation: What exactly are children learning when they learn through play?’ by David Whitebread, Penny Coltman, Helen Jameson and Rachel Lander talks about the importance of play-based learning. The authors stated, ‘The experience of the ‘play’ condition was particularly effective in preparing the children for effortful, problem-solving or creative tasks which require a high level of meta-cognitive and self-regulatory skill.’ This means that including play in learning would allow your child to acquire better academic skills. Clay can also be used as a tool for teaching different subjects to her. For example, she can mould numbers and the letters of the alphabet out of clay to get better at numeracy and literacy, or even learn about science by testing the attributes of clay.
As you can see, there are numerous educational benefits of playing with clay for your child. These benefits help him in his creativity, physical dexterity and coordination, academics and problem-solving skills. So, even if his school does not use clay in classroom learning, you could get your child to use it at home.
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