Ophthalmologist in Chennai


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All about Eye Doctors

An ophthalmologist or eye doctor is a specialist who treats vision disorders and eye problems (red eyes, glaucoma, itchy eyes, astigmatism). Planning to visit an eye clinic for expert eye care or wondering, “How to find the best eye specialist near me?” See our list of eye doctors near you.

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You should take your child to a paediatric ophthalmologist, even if she has no symptoms or signs of eye problems. You should do a baseline eye test when she is four or five years old, especially if the school doesn't have a vision screening programme. In addition to this, if your child squeezes his eyes while watching television, is unable to see objects at a distance, complains of frequent headaches, rubs his eyes, is reluctant to read, finds it difficult to take down notes from the blackboard in the class, or holds things too close to the eye to see, you should take him to the specialist immediately.

Dr Meenakshi Swaminathan, Senior Paediatric Ophthalmologist, Sankara Nethralaya


Why should I see an ophthalmologist?

An ophthalmologist is an eye doctor, specially qualified to treat defects and diseases in the eye. Normally you would never think of going to an eye specialist unless you have some problem in your vision. But, it is always better for you to make regular visits to an ophthalmologist, especially if you are above 30. From red eyes to glaucoma, and itchy eyes to astigmatism, there are so many eye problems that an ophthalmologist can treat.

What are the eye problems that an eye doctor near me can treat?

The following are some of the eye problems that an ophthalmologist treats: glaucoma, myopia, hypermetropia, red eyes, cataract, eye pain, eye irritation, eye swelling, watery eyes, itchy eyes, eye allergies, dry eyes and lazy eye.

What is the difference between an ophthalmologist and an optometrist?

An ophthalmologist is an eye specialist doctor who specialises in complete eye care including eye examination, diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases, and corrective eye surgery. An optometrist is a healthcare professional who specialises in vision correction by prescribing eye glasses and contact lenses.

How often should I go to an eye specialist near me for eye test?

In case you experience any difficulty like eye pain, eye irritation, teary eyes or itchy eyes, you have to consult an ophthalmologist at an eye care center immediately. Otherwise, for a general check-up, your visits to the eye specialist should be scheduled as follows: once in every five to ten years in your 20s and 30s, once in every two to four years from ages 40 to 54, once in every one to three years from ages 55 to 64, and once in every one to two years after age 65.

What is glaucoma? How will an ophthalmologist treat it?

Glaucoma is a disease in which the fluid pressure in the eye increases. If left untreated, this increased eye pressure affects the optic nerve and may lead to vision loss. An ophthalmologist treats glaucoma with eye drops, medication, laser surgery, traditional surgery or a combination of all these methods, depending on the severity of the disease.

What is myopia?

Myopia or short sightedness/near sightedness is a condition in which objects near you can be seen clearly, but the objects farther away look blurry. It occurs when the light rays entering your eye bend (refract) incorrectly, causing the images to focus in front of the retina instead of on the retina.

What is hypermetropia?

Hypermetropia or long sightedness /far sightedness is a condition in which objects farther from you can be seen clearly, but the objects near you look blurry. It occurs when the light rays entering your eye bend (refract) incorrectly, causing the images to focus behind the retina instead of on the retina.

How will an ophthalmologist treat myopia and hypermetropia?

An ophthalmologist will recommend eye glasses or contact lenses for correcting myopiaand hypermetropia. Advanced cases might require refractive surgery.

What is squint? How does an ophthalmologist treat it?

A squint is a condition in which the eyes are not aligned properly. One eye focuses on one spot while the other turns inwards, upwards, downwards or outwards. If squint is caused due to hypermetropia, the ophthalmologist corrects it by prescribing appropriate eye glasses. Otherwise, he'll perform a surgery to realign the eyes and restore binocular vision.

What is lazy eye? How does an ophthalmologist treat it?

Lazy eye or amblyopia is a childhood condition where the vision is not developed properly. It results when one or both eyes are unable to build a strong link to the brain. The ophthalmologist treats lazy eye by recommending the use of eye glasses or, in certain cases, eye patches that cover the strong eye to train the affected eye to view properly.

What is astigmatism? How does an ophthalmologist treat it?

Astigmatism is a condition that causes blurred vision when the cornea (the clear front cover of the eye) is irregularly shaped. It may also be caused due to the curvature of the lens inside the eye. An ophthalmologist treats astigmatism by recommending eye glasses or contact lenses or laser and other refractive surgery procedures.

How do I know if I need eye glasses?

You need eye glasses if you have any of these: blurred vision, double vision, fuzziness or haziness in vision, headache, squinting, seeing 'auras' or 'halos' around objects in bright light, eyestrain, tired or irritated eyes, distorted vision and trouble in night vision.

Which is better - eye glasses or contact lenses?

Both eye glasses and contact lenses have their own advantages. Eye glasses can adjust the amount of light entering the eye for optimum comfort and vision. They also need very little cleaning and maintenance. Contact lenses fit directly on the eye and hence make playing games and outdoor activities easier as there's no risk of them falling down. The choice should be made based on your comfort and convenience.

What is cataract? How will an ophthalmologist treat it?

A cataract is clouding of the lens of your eye, which results in frosty or foggy vision. In most cases, an ophthalmologist treats cataract by surgery.

What is Lasik surgery?

Lasik is laser eye surgery performed at a lasik center to treat myopia, hypermetropia and astigmatism. The ophthalmologist uses a laser beam to reshape the eye's cornea and improve visual accuracy and clarity. What is ocular hypertension? How is it treated? Ocular hypertension is a condition of increased eye pressure, where the pressure inside the eye is more than 21 mm Hg.It is caused by an imbalance in the production and drainage of the fluid in the eye. It is normally treated by administering appropriate medicine. How can I identify the best ophthalmologist near me? You need to do the following to identify the best ophthalmologist nearby: (1) check the qualification and experience of the ophthalmologist(2) talk to your friends, relatives or neighbours who have visited him/her already, and get their feedback (3) Ask for references from your family doctor Who are some of the specialists in an eye care clinic? Some of the eye specialists at an ophthalmology clinic are retina specialist, cornea specialist and glaucoma specialist. What are some of the most common eye defects that need a visit to a vision care center? Some of the most common eye defects that need a visit to a vision center are short sight or near vision and long sight or distance vision. How do I identify the best vision center for eye test near me? You need to check if the eye center has the best eye doctor in the locality or the top eye doctors in town. If yes, you can visit it for treatment of any complication, from dry eyes to a retinal tear.

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