Wellness - Chronic Illnesses | 6-18 yrs

Tuberculosis Treatment And Prevention


Tuberculosis or TB is a communicable disease that is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It has a long history and has been dated back to as far as ancient Egypt. It is considered a chronic disease and is one of the top 10 causes of death worldwide.

Symptoms of TB include a bad cough for 3 weeks or more, pain in the chest and coughing up blood or sputum. Other symptoms include fatigue, loss or weight, loss of appetite, fever, chills and sweating at night.

Those with weak immune systems, medical conditions that weaken immune systems, recently infected with TB bacteria, or living in unhygienic conditions are at high risk for developing TB. Both adults and children are susceptible to TB. TB has three stages: primary infection, latent TB and active disease. TB is divided into two categories, pulmonary and extrapulmonary. However, TB is curable. It is treated with a standard six-month course of four drugs. According to an article titled ‘Tuberculosis’ on www.who.int, “Between 2000 and 2015, an estimated 49 million lives were saved through TB diagnosis and treatment.”

Several preventive measures are being taken worldwide to prevent the spread of TB. A vaccine called Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) is widely used as a part of the childhood immunisation programme in many countries. It has been shown to provide children with excellent protection against TB. Educating people with TB about how to take their drugs and how not to pass on their infection to others is another important part of preventing the spread of TB.

The World Tuberculosis Day is observed on March 24 to build awareness regarding tuberculosis.

To know more about this disease, flip through the pages of this ClipBook.


Tuberculosis Fact Sheet

Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by bacteria, Mycobacterium tuberculosis, that most often affect the lungs. Tuberculosis is curable and preventable. TB is spread from person to person through the air. When people with lung TB cough, sneeze or spit, the...

Tuberculosis: Causative Factors

Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a type of bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The condition is spread when a person with an active TB infection in their lungs coughs or sneezes and someone else inhales the expelled droplets, which contain ...

Risk Factors For Tuberculosis Infection

Tuberculosis causes significant coughing, and when contaminated particles get into the air, everyone exposed to them is at risk. However, some people have TB risk factors that make them even more susceptible to tuberculosis infection. Your age, he...

Vaccine, Drug Treatment And Isolation

TB prevention consists of two main parts. The first part of TB prevention is to stop the transmission of TB from one adult to another. This is done through firstly, identifying people with active TB, and then curing them through the provision of d...

Addressing And Preventing Childhood Tuberculosis

There is an urgent need to recognize that prevention, diagnosis and treatment of TB in children are important for public health as well as for ensuring the individual right of the child to health. Children suffer severe TB related illness that con...

Protect Your Family And Friends From Tuberculosis

People with TB disease can pass TB germs to others. But if they take the TB medicine the right way, they won’t pass TB germs to others.

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