A congenital cataract is a clouding of the lens of the eye that is present at birth. The lens of the eye is normally clear. It focuses light that comes into the eye onto the retina.
In children, cataracts can affect one or both eyes. Cloudy patches in the lens can sometimes get bigger and more can develop, resulting in the child's vision becoming increasingly affected.
There are a number of different reasons why a child may be born with cataracts or develop them while they are still young, although it is not possible to determine the exact cause in many cases.
There are several vital components surgeons need to take into consideration when treating children who have traumatic cataracts.
Cataract in childhood is a most important cause of visual impairment and blindness. Lack of vision in early years of life can adversely affect the overall development of a child with far reaching effects on personal, educational, occupational and ...
If cataracts aren't causing any problems, immediate treatment may not be necessary. As childhood cataracts are rare, it's difficult to predict how much a child's vision will be improved by treatment.