Learning - Other | 5-18 yrs

Focus And Attention

Arundhati Swamy

Learning involves several complex processes in the brain. It is therefore helpful to first understand how they occur.

Focus is the capacity to concentrate on a specific task. For example, learning spelling. 

Sustained attention helps us stay in the task in an attentive and alert way. For example, consciously not responding to a distraction.

Shifting attention is the ability to shift focus within aspects of a task. For example, reading, writing and memorizing the spelling.

Working memory is the capacity to act upon a task while holding the  information briefly in the mind. For example, using the word in a sentence.

Executive functions are necessary for goal-directed behavior.

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