Epilepsy is a neurological condition (affecting the brain and nervous system) where a person has a tendency to have seizures that start in the brain.
The brains of newborn babies are sensitive to seizures in the first week of life. Some babies will continue to have seizures as they get older, but some babies will never have any more.
Although seizures have many known causes, for most children, the cause remains unknown. In many of these cases, there is some family history of seizures.
Symptoms cannot be directly observed. Both signs and symptoms are assessed in order to make a diagnosis.
It is important to treat epilepsy for several reasons. Untreated epilepsy places children at increased risk of accidents, such as drowning, head injury from a fall, or choking. Frequent seizures may create both social and academic disadvantages fo...