Speech is necessary for learning and interacting with others. It is one of the biggest contributors to development of humans. Although normal speech may look like an effortless action, it is a complex process that requires the involvement of different muscles that are coordinated by the brain. So, damage to either the brain or any of these muscles can cause speech impairment.
Speech disorder is a condition in which a child fails to form words or sounds needed for communication. There are many reasons why children experience problems with speech. Some of the causes of speech disorders in children are deafness, intellectual disability, autism, dysarthria or cerebral palsy.
Parents of children with speech problems should understand that it is important to find out the underlying causes of these problems and treat them. Problems with speech can affect children in many ways. According to an article titled ‘Guest Post: 10 Common Causes of Pediatric Speech and Language Problems’ in smartspeechtherapy.com, “The inability to develop speech and language properly over a reasonable time period directly impacts a child’s ability to adjust to and mingle with peers, family, and community. Some of the most obvious speech delays affect the child’s ability to form words correctly, resulting in pauses, hesitancy, and even stuttering. These effects can be socially devastating.”
Some of the common speech disorders children suffer from are articulation disorders like lisping and omitting sounds, apraxia of speech, stuttering, and language disorders like cluttering.
According to parenting.com, “Kids acquire speech, like all the other developmental skills, at their own pace. Most children who talk late eventually catch up. But if you have concerns about your child, don't hesitate to discuss them with your pediatrician, who can guide you to a specialist if necessary.”
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Here are five common speech disorders in children. It is recommended to visit your pediatrician if you feel your child has any of these symptoms.
Speech disorders can affect the way a person creates sounds. These sounds, of course, help us to form words and are necessary for communication with other people. Speech disorders can affect both adults and children.
Delays in speech development are caused by a variety of reasons; so it is important to understand what these potential causes are, as well as why a thorough, professional evaluation may be needed for some children.
At 3 years, 5 months, this girl had a clear MRI and saw a paediatric neurologist who diagnosed her with Childhood Apraxia of Speech. She has no other developmental delays. With continued therapy, she has made worlds of progress in the last 4 months.
Many young kids go through a stage between the ages of 2 and 5 when they stutter, repeating certain syllables, words or phrases, prolonging them, or stopping, making no sound for certain sounds and syllables.
About one in four children is a late talker and most don't need special help to get them on track. Here's what to expect with your child's speech development, and how to tell if you need to see a specialist.