Down syndrome, also called trisomy 21, is the most frequently occurring chromosomal disorder. It occurs when an individual has a full or partial copy of chromosome 21. Developmental delay, distinct facial features and intellectual disability are the typical characteristics of Down syndrome. Although the extent of intellectual disability varies from person to person, in a majority of cases, it is usually of a mild-to-moderate degree. There are three types of Down syndrome: trisomy 21, mosaicism and translocation.
The chances of having a baby with Down syndrome increases with the following factors: higher maternal and paternal age at the time of conception, family history of Down syndrome, and individuals who carry the genetic translocation. According to the article titled ‘Down Syndrome’ in healthline.com, ‘It’s important to remember that no one of these factors mean that you will definitely have a baby with Down syndrome, but statistically and over a large population, they can put you at higher risk’.
If you are the parent of a child with Down syndrome, you should do a few things like get in touch with other parents who also have children with Down syndrome; keep track of the child’s health, treatment and medical records; follow-up with the local paediatrician along with developmental paediatrician and therapists. Although children with Down syndrome progress more slowly than other children, not all areas of development are equally affected. By understanding how these children differ from others, effective teaching methods can be devised.
Emergency Dentists USA, in its blog, Our Dental Care, says that patients with Down syndrome are often seen with both baby and permanent teeth coming in later as compared to children without the disorder. Malformed teeth, problems with the jaw and bite, and delayed eruption are some prime examples of dental problems in patients with Down syndrome. The blog shares tips for caregivers to make dental treatment less stressful for patients with Down syndrome.
The most important thing the parents of a child with Down syndrome should remember is that, like any other child, their child also needs the support and help of his parents.
To know more about Down syndrome, you can flip through the pages of this ClipBook.
Visiting a dentist is quite stressful even for normal people. And for people with Down syndrome, it can be more of a challenge. Caregivers of patients should be equipped to take care of the patient during a visit to the dentist. This article provi...
Down's syndrome is a condition in which a child is born with an extra copy of 21st chromosome. This causes physical and mental developmental delays and disabilities.
Down's syndrome is the most frequently occurring chromosomal disorder and the leading cause of intellectual and developmental delay in the U.S. and in the world. Here are some basic facts and answers about Down's syndrome.
Down's syndrome results when abnormal cell division involving chromosome 21 occurs. These cell division abnormalities result in extra genetic material from chromosome 21, which is responsible for the characteristic features and developmental probl...
Physical development in children with Down's syndrome is often slower than that of normal children. For example, because of poor muscle tone, a child with Down's syndrome may be slow to learn to turn over, sit, stand, and walk.
People with Down's syndrome experience learning difficulties that lead to delays in many areas of development. There are particular patterns of learning difficulties. These patterns can inform more effective teaching approaches and therapies.
If your child is diagnosed with Down's syndrome, what are your next steps? A mother of a child with Down's syndrome shares her recommendations.
There is no single, standard treatment for Down's syndrome. Treatments are based on each individual's physical and intellectual needs as well as his or her personal strengths and limitations.
Parents speak up for children with down's syndrome, about their quality of life. Also they give advice to other parents who are raising children diagnosed with down's syndrome.