Lifestyle - Culture/Heritage | 0-18 yrs

8 Facts About The National War Memorial

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After 72 years of independence, India opens it's very first National War Memorial. On Monday, 25th February 2019, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated the National War Memorial by lighting the eternal flame at the base of the obelisk in the centre.

The National War Memorial is spread across a 40-acre land in the India Gate complex in New Delhi. With a cost of 176 crores, the memorial commemorates the soldiers who fought in wars and made the greatest sacrifice of their lives while in the line of duty. 

The names of nearly 26,000 battle casualties are inscribed in golden letters,  across 16 walls that consist of granite pieces having the name, rank and regiment of the fallen heroes. The design of the stadium draws inspiration from the Chakravyuh formation (an ancient Indian war formation). 

There are six bronze murals depicting the various wars and a park dotted with bronze busts of 21 awardees and 15 posthumously of the Param Vir Chakra. 

Also read: Meet Major Priya Jhingan, First Lady Cadet of the Indian Army

Read on to know more about the facts of the National War Memorial and share the same with your kids.


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1. Chakravyuha Formation

The layout of the national war memorial has four concentric circles, partly inspired by the Chakravyuha formation. Namely the 'Amar Chakra' or Circle of Immortality, the 'Veerta Chakra' or Circle of Bravery, the 'Tyag Chakra' or Circle of Sacrific...

2. Names Of Fallen Soldiers Inscribed On Walls

Around 16 walls consist of granite pieces that hold 25,942 names, rank and regiment of the fallen soldiers. The names are written in gold on granite tablets and arranged in such a way that they form the Chakravyuh (the ancient Indian war formation).

3. Bronze Murals Depicting Battles

Present in the Veerta Chakra zone are six bronze murals depicting famous battles fought by our armed forces. These murals were made by Ram Sutar, the famous artist who also made the 182m statue of unity. The listed battles and operations are: Batt...

4. Bronze Busts Of 21 Param Vir Chakra Awardees

The national war memorial holds bronze busts of the 21 Param Vir Chakra (PVC) awardees who have given their everything to our country. PVC is India's highest military decoration awarded for extrordinary acts of valour. Only 21 soliders have receiv...

5. Rakshak Chakra Has Over 600 Trees

The outermost circle of the war memorial 'Rakshak Chakra' has over 600 trees with each tree representing several soldiers who guard the territorial integrity of our country.

6. A Couplet Inscribed In The Central Obelisk

The couplet of a famous poem by Jagdamba Prasad Mishra is inscribed on the base of the central obelisk. The beautiful lines in Hindi mean: "There will be a fair on the pyre of martyrs every single year this will be the only legacy for the people ...

7. Ashokan Capital

The central obelisk that bears the couplet '''Shaheed ki mazron par...'' by poet Jagdamba Prasad Mishra in the base, is further topped with the Ashokan Capital.

8. A 176 Crore Project

The National War Memorial commemorates the soldiers who laid down their lives for India. The entire war memorial's design was selected through a global competition. The 40 acre memorial was executed at a cost of 176 crore.

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