Wellness - Disabilities | 0-18 yrs

6 Birth Defects: Symptoms And Treatments


According to cdc website, birth defects are common conditions that affect 1 in every 33 babies born each year. 

While still in the womb, some babies have issues with their organs. These problems are mostly due to the improper development of organs. Some of these medical conditions show defects as soon as the baby is born while some defects take a few days to be identified.

However, many parents still blame themselves for not taking proper care of themselves while delivery. The truth is these birth defects are improper organ formation and there is nothing that you could have done to prevent it.

Here is a compilation of 6 different birth defects you should know about. Read on.


Congenital Heart Disease

Congenital heart or defect is a heart abnormality right from birth. The condition can be simple without any symptoms or it can also have severe life-threatening symptoms.


Clubfoot (talipes equinovarus) is one of the birth defects that causes problems in walking in your child. In this condition, the baby has a twisted leg that is out of shape.

Cleft Lip And Palate (For Teens)

Cleft lip and palate are birth defects that have splits or openings in the upper lip. This condition usually occurs when the baby is still developing in the womb. Read on to know more about the symptoms and how to take care of these defects.

Spina Bifida

There are several types of this birth defect that affect an infant’s spine. The basis of this condition is the improper development of the spinal cord in a developing baby.

Sickle Cell Anaemia

This is a medical condition at birth, wherein the required amount of red blood cells are not developed to carry oxygen throughout the body. In this condition, the blood cells are shaped like sickles and hence the name.

Phenylketonuria (Pku)

PKU is caused by a defect in the gene that decreases metabolism in the body. Some of the symptoms are light skin and musty smell. Treatment includes a lifelong low-phenylalanine diet.

Birth Defects: Types, Causes, Diagnosis And Prevention

We know how some parents feel like their child's disability is due to their carelessness during pregnancy. Well, most of the disabilities are birth defects and there is absolutely nothing you could have done or known about it.

The Importance Of Newborn Screening

When it comes to newborns, extra precautionary measures are taken for their tender health. Here is why you have to have a screening during the first few days of your baby's life, to spot any birth defects.

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