Wellness - Preventive Care | 0-10 yrs

10 Vaccine Preventable Diseases In Kids

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As parents, we want our children to be healthy and disease-free. And what better way to do this than through vaccines.

The use of vaccines has led to major improvements in child health over a relatively short period of time. Many of the infectious illnesses that the older generation used to fall prey to, such as chickenpox, polio and measles, no longer affect the children of today, thanks to vaccines.

This ClipBook takes a look at 10 vaccine-preventable diseases in children. To start with, let us take Polio. According to an article titled Vaccine-Preventable Diseases published in vaccineinformation.org in 2016, Polio is a disease caused by a virus that spreads when invisible particles of faeces get into our body. It is a serious disease where the infected person’s legs or arms become permanently paralysed due to the virus.

Chickenpox used to be a common childhood illness where children who get it suffer from itchy rash and blisters all over the body and have flu-like symptoms.

Tetanus, also known as lockjaw, is a serious infection caused by Clostridium Tetani. It affects the brain and the nervous system, leading to stiffness in the muscles, serious breathing difficulties and can prove fatal. Patients with tetanus will have symptoms that include bloody stools, diarrhoea, fever, headache, sore throat, sweating and rapid heartbeat.

Thankfully, all these diseases can be prevented by administering vaccines. To know more about such vaccine-preventable diseases in kids, please flip through the pages of this ClipBook.



Polio is a disease caused by a virus. People have feared polio for hundreds of years because it can paralyze arm, leg, and breathing muscles. Polio virus is spread when invisible particles of feces (poop) get into your mouth. You can get polio by ...


Chickenpox used to be a common childhood illness, especially in kids under age 12. It's much rarer now, thanks to the varicella vaccine that's given when kids are between 12 and 15 months old, followed by a booster shot at 4 to 6 years of age.


Tetanus is a serious disease caused by bacteria. Tetanus gets into the body through cuts or wounds. Tetanus can cause extremely painful muscle cramps all over the body.

Whooping Cough

Whooping cough (pertussis) is an infection of the respiratory system caused by the bacterium Bordetella pertussis (or B. pertussis). It mainly affects babies younger than 6 months old who aren't yet protected by immunizations, and kids 11 to 18 ye...


You can protect your child against measles with a combination vaccine that provides protection against three diseases: measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR). The MMR vaccine is proven to be very safe and effective.

Rubella (German Measles)

Rubella spreads when people breathe in virus-infected fluid, such as the droplets sprayed into the air when a person with rubella sneezes or coughs, or share food or drink with someone who's infected. It also can pass through a pregnant woman's bl...


Diphtheria is a serious disease caused by bacteria. The actual disease is caused when the bacteria release a toxin, or poison, into a person's body. Diphtheria bacteria live in the mouth, throat, and nose of an infected person and can be passed to...


Mumps is a contagious viral infection that used to be common in children before the introduction of the MMR vaccine. It’s most recognisable by the painful swellings at the side of the face under the ears (the parotid glands), giving a person with ...

Hepatitis B

The best way to prevent hepatitis B is by getting the hepatitis B vaccine. The hepatitis B vaccine is safe and effective and is usually given as 3-4 shots over a 6-month period.

Haemophilus Influenzae

Haemophilus influenzae type b bacteria (Hib) were the leading cause of meningitis in children younger than 5 years old until the Hib vaccine became available.

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