Movement Milestones for Your One-Year-Old

Want to have an idea about the movement milestones that your child should attain in her first year? Here are some pointers.

By Ram Shankar

Movement Milestones for Your One-Year-Old

Are you worried that your child is a year old but has not started walking yet? Or are you surprised that she is just 10 months old but has already started taking her first steps? This article serves as a pointer to the movement milestones (gross motor skills) that you can expect in the first year of your child’s life. It also highlights alarming situations during this phase so that you will know when to talk to your paediatrician.

At 2 months, your baby

  • can hold his head up for short periods when lying on his tummy
  • turns his head from side to side in the supine position
  • makes smooth thrusts with his arms and legs

Talk to your paediatrician if your child

  • cannot hold his head up when lying on his tummy
  • does not bring his hands to the mouth

At 4 months, your baby

  • can hold her head steady without wobbling
  • turns from side to back
  • kicks legs in sequence
  • can push down on legs when feet are on a hard surface
  • is able to hold a toy and shake it

Talk to your paediatrician if your child

  • does not push down with legs when feet are on a hard surface

At 6 months, your baby

  • can roll over, from front to back and back to front
  • begins to get into a sitting position
  • supports weight on his legs when standing up holding on to something
  • will be able to bounce when standing
  • rocks back and forth; he may be even crawling backward before moving forward

Talk to your paediatrician if your child

  • does not roll over in any direction

At 9 months, your baby

  • can stand holding on to a support
  • is able to sit without support
  • can pull herself up to stand
  • starts to crawl

Talk to your paediatrician if your child

  • does not transfer toys from hand to hand
  • does not crawl

At 12 months, your baby

  • pulls up and stands, walks holding on to furniture; this movement is called ‘cruising’
  • will stand without any support
  • will take a few steps without holding on to any support

Talk to your paediatrician if your child

  • cannot stand even when he is supported
  • cannot take even a few steps with support

Always remember that each child is unique and grows up at her own pace. There may be a time difference of one or two months among children in reaching these milestones. This is perfectly normal. It is important to be aware of any abnormal developmental delay so that any underlying issue can be identified and treated in time.