The increase in world population figures has been a major concern for countries across the world for decades. With the rising population, the increase in waste generation and pollution levels have also become a global hazard. In 1989, the United Nations announced July 11 as World Population Day to create awareness about the growing population and how this increase adversely affects the environment and society. This year’s theme is ‘Family planning is a human right’.
On this day, share these facts with your child and educate him how a growing population affects us.
- The UN has predicted that the population will increase from 7.6 billion, now, to 9.8 billion by 2050.
- The UN also expects that roughly 17 per cent (1.66 billion) of this number would be from India, which would soon surpass China in becoming the world’s most populous country by 2024.
- The world’s most populous country at present is China with 1.4 billion people residing in it.
- The city with the highest population density (number of people per square kilometre) is Dhaka, with over 40,000 people residing in every square kilometre.
- The most populated capital of a country is Tokyo having over 35 million people. Dhaka comes in second with over 13 million people.
- According to UN estimates, over half of the world population increase by 2050 will be caused by just 10 countries. India is one of them.
- The world population has increased by a billion since 2005.
- The world population figure increases every year by about 83 million people.
- 28 per cent of India’s population is under 15 years and 46 per cent of India’s population is under 25. So, we are a pretty young country.
- India’s fertility rate of 4.97 between 1975 and 1980 has come down to 2.3 between 2015 and 2020. Now, on an average, 2.3 children are born per Indian woman.
- The amount of plastic waste the world produces per year, which is 300 million tonnes, is close to the weight of the total world population.
- 91 per cent of us live in areas that have air pollution higher than the recommended WHO limit.
- Around 2.1 billion people around the world don’t have access to clean drinking water at home.
- Around 4.5 billion of the world population does not have access to clean and sanitary toilets.
- More than 108 billion people have roamed this planet since humans came into existence as a species.
Share these interesting facts with your child and help him understand why it’s important to conserve our natural resources and not pollute planet Earth.
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