How to Teach Your Preschooler About Seasons
A change of season affects us and our environment in various ways. Your preschooler will be able to recognise and understand these changes better once you teach him about seasons.
By Arun Sharma
A season is not merely linked to specific weather conditions, but a host of other factors as well. Teaching your child about seasons will help her learn several other facts other than the name of the four seasons. For example, she will learn that the Earth rotates on a tilted axis, which causes the change of seasons; that coming and passing of seasons is an indicator of the passage of time; that temperatures change with change of seasons; and that various changes happen in the environment with the change of seasons.
Apart from reading from books, there are many other interesting ways in which you can teach your child about seasons. Let’s look at some of them.
1. Record the temperature: Bring home a thermometer or a clock that also has a thermometer. Teach your child how to measure and record temperatures in a notebook. Ask him to do this activity during different times of the day, especially during the time of change of seasons. Once he has done this for a few days, sit with him and go over the log. Explain to him how the change in temperature reflects the passing away of one season and the arrival of the other.
2. Go shopping: Take your child along whenever you go to buy a new dress. Make her touch the garments and get a feel of the materials they are made of. Then, explain to her that dresses are made of different materials keeping in mind the various seasons. For example, while showing her woollen garments, tell her that these are meant to be worn during winters when it is cold, or that cotton dresses are most suitable for summer when it is hot.
3. Visit the farmers’ market: Take your child to the farmers’ market at different times of the year. Show him the different vegetables available. Explain to him that different vegetables grow during different seasons because they require different climatic conditions. For example, tell your child that potatoes require cooler temperatures to grow and are harvested during winter or that groundnuts require warm and moist conditions to grow.
4. Take a walk in the garden: If you live in a city where there is a botanical garden, take your child for a walk there. Show her the different flowers and tell her during which time of the year she is likely to see them bloom. If there isn’t a botanical garden nearby, you can also take your child to the nearby flower shop.
5. Go birding: Birds from all over the world come to various places in India during different times of the year. Take a break from work during your child’s holidays and visit one of these spots. Remember to take along a pair of binoculars as well. Show your child the different birds and explain in which season she is likely to see them and that change in season makes them migrate from one part of the world to another.
6. Sit with the school diary: India is a land of festivals. We celebrate different festivals during different times of the year. Sit with your child’s school diary, and ask him to spot the holidays mentioned against different festivals. When he spots one, tell him about the festival and the season during which it is celebrated. This way not only will your child learn about his culture and tradition, but also about the seasons.
Once your child learns about the different seasons, she will be able to understand how different seasons influence her and everything around her in a better way. Not only will this make her more conscious of Nature, but also motivate her to do her bit to save the environment.
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