Safety At Home For Kids
Sooner or later, your children will have to stay home alone. Prepare them with home alone safety tips to face this situation whenever it arises.
By Anjana Mohan
With changing lifestyles and family structures, it is almost inevitable that, at some point, parents have to leave their children alone at home. However, the issue of safety at home for kids is something that leaves most parents anxious. Parents constantly fear for their child's safety and worry about the lack of adult supervision.
At the same time, being home alone can be a unique and positive experience for children. For, it helps them take a step towards being independent and self-reliant. It also gives them some much-needed freedom and instills a sense of accomplishment.
So, how can you leave your children alone at home and ensure their safety at the same time? This article gives you some useful tips to help you do it. Always keep in mind that both you and your child should prepare well in advance for this important day – to ensure that you both feel confident and relaxed.
Safety measures at home
Here are some tips for staying home alone:
1. Ask yourself, "Is my child ready?"
This is the most important point to consider before leaving your child alone at home. There is no specific way of determining this, other than a thorough assessment of your child’s capabilities and comfort level. Here are some questions you can ask yourself to understand and assess your child's readiness:
- Does he express interest in staying home alone or does he seem nervous?
- Does he handle unexpected situations well?
- Does he know and understand the basics of first aid?
- Does he follow the rules you set and use good judgement?
- Is he capable of doing simple chores, like fixing a snack for himself or, calling someone on the phone?
2. Establish rules and expectations
Rules teach children self-discipline and what is expected of them. To prepare your child to behave responsibly while you leave her home alone, you need to set parenting rules. These include guidelines about computer and TV time, having friends over, what your child can do in the kitchen, when she should open the door, and so on. Make sure that she understands the rules and agrees to follow them.
3. Come up with an emergency plan
Teach your child what to do in case of an emergency. Establish the exact procedure your child should follow during a crisis, such as someone persistently knocking on the door or a power blackout. A great way to prepare your child is through role-play and repeated drills where you go through different scenarios. You can print and display the emergency action plan where it will be easily visible to your child.
4. Create a support system
Give your child the phone numbers of all those she can get in touch with, in times of need. If possible, make your child memorise these numbers. The phone numbers should include your contact numbers as well as those of family members and friends who live nearby. It is a good idea to put up a printout of these numbers on the refrigerator, on the doors and so on.
5. Have a relative or neighbour check in
If possible, try to have a neighbour or a friend or someone else you trust, act like a guardian and check on your child at least once while you are away. Let both your child and the guardian know about this in advance. You should also set rules about how your child can let the guardian know that he is safe and okay — like not opening the door but coming to the window and waving, or something similar.
6. Call regularly
Schedule a time when you and your child can call each other, so both of you feel reassured. You will feel less worried, as you can rest assured that everything is okay. Also, this gives you a chance to talk to your child and get an update on how she is doing. Your child will also feel safe, as she knows that you are available to listen to her and help her out.
7. Draw up safety measures
These can vary with the age of your child. However, some common measures that every parent should take include: childproofing the home, turning off the gas, covering all electrical outlets, and keeping items like matchboxes, knives, medicine, and car keys out of reach of the child. Also, teach your child kitchen safety tips, basic first aid measures, and what to do in case of a fire or medical emergency.
8. Create an activity list
Leaving your child alone at home when there is nothing much for her to do can make her feel bored. A bored child can feel restless, anxious and dissatisfied. So, plan activities that your child can engage in, while you are away.
9. Keep food and medicine ready
Stock the kitchen with food and snacks for your child. As far as possible, try to ensure that your child doesn't have to use the stove or the microwave to prepare food for herself. If your child is on some regular medication, set aside the exact dosage and keep the rest out of her reach.
While these points don't cover all the aspects, following them will certainly put to rest most of your worries about leaving your child home alone. Remember, being home without supervision for the first time is an important milestone in your child's life. Depending on how your child fares, you can adjust the rules and procedures, and help your child grow in confidence and resilience.
About the author:
Written by Anjana Mohan on 2 July 2018
Anjana Mohan, part of Safecity’s #WritersMovement, is a first year undergraduate student of Economics in Azim Premji University, Bangalore. She is interested in the intersections of education and media with economics.
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