Fennel Seeds: 6 Health Benefits For Babies

Are you reluctant to introduce your toddler to medicines for constipation and respiratory problems? Fennel seeds might just be the answer. Read on to know how.

By Siddiqha Naseem  • 9 min read

Fennel Seeds: 6 Health Benefits For Babies

Remember how our mothers would put a few seeds of fennel into our mouths and ask us to chew on them, whenever we had a mild chest congestion? At that time, we may not have understood the health benefits the spice provided — but the fact is that fennel seeds have medicinal properties that help in clearing mucus from the chest. 

In India, the fennel seed or saunf needs no introduction. It acts as a mouth freshener and is an active ingredient in many of our culinary preparations. Many parents swear by the positive effects of fennel seeds to relieve constipation in children. In fact, the versatile spice has many other health benefits. Read on to know more. 

What are fennel seeds?

Fennel is a pleasant-smelling herb native to the Mediterranean but now available all over the world. It is a rich source of potassium, antioxidants, calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese and dietary fibre. Fennel seeds do much more than simply beat bad breath and can provide many health benefits like clear nasal pathway during cold, constipation, asthma and more. Adults often consume it after a meal to help in digestion.

Ways to feed fennel seeds to your baby

Fennel seeds can be given in the form of liquid as it is difficult for the baby to chew the seeds. Soak a spoonful of fennel seeds in a cup of water overnight. Filter the water and feed a spoon or two of this liquid to your little one, whenever necessary.  

For older children , it is a good idea to offer fennel tea. This is how you can prepare it — boil a tablespoon of fennel seeds in some water, then filter and add some honey for sweetness. 

Is fennel seed safe for infants?

Fennel is used in many Indian dishes and considered safe for children. However, it should be given as a medicine rather than a nutrient food. 

“Once a child starts eating solids, you can feed her a small quantity of  water in which fennel seeds have been soaked overnight, when needed,” says nutritionist Priya Kathpal.*

Fennel tea for babies – side effects

Giving fennel tea to babies is generally safe if given in the right quantity. However, some babies may develop allergic reactions to fennel tea. Check if the spice triggers an allergic reaction in your child, by doing a small test. Feed her a small quantity of fennel water and wait for two to three days for any reaction. If the baby does not show signs of allergy such as rashes, continue to give your baby fennel water, as and when required. 

Benefits of fennel seeds for babies

1. Relieves constipation — Fennel seeds have proven to be an effective remedy for many digestive disorders, including constipation in children. Fennel seeds are laxatives that help in  good bowel movement. It loosens the stool, making it easy to release and reduce pain for the baby. This spice ensures a healthy digestive system in a growing baby.     

2. Reduces colic — Colic is a cramping pain in the abdomen experienced by infants that triggers crying bouts for hours. This intestinal cramping occurs because the digestive system in newborns continues to develop every day. A swollen abdomen is one of the common symptoms associated with colic. Fennel seeds have effective digestive properties that can help in easing these cramps. Fennel water – made by soaking fennel seeds in water overnight – should be fed to the baby to reduce colic. The quantity, however, depends on the age of the child.

3. Helps develop stronger bones — Fennel seeds are rich in magnesium and phosphorus — the main minerals that help in the bone development of children. They slow down the process of all bone-destroying cells. Feeding one teaspoon of fennel water every alternate day will help in the bone development of your child.

4. Provides antioxidants — Antioxidants, also called free-radical scavengers, help prevent damage to the body's cells caused by pollution, exposure to the sun's ultraviolet rays and inflammation. These nutrients also slow down the aging process. Fennel seeds are packed with antioxidants that help in building the child's immunity and promote overall health. 

5. Relieves respiratory problems — Fennel seeds are very effective in relieving all respiratory problems. They are rich in cineole, an essential oil that helps to keep nasal pathways clear. If your child falls ill frequently with bronchitis, asthma, cough and lung abscesses, use fennel seeds sometimes to relieve his symptoms. 

6. Promotes brain function — Fennel seeds are a rich source of potassium. They increase the electrical activity of the brain, leading to a healthy functioning brain. Consuming a small amount of fennel seeds regularly helps in enhancing the supply of oxygenated blood, filled with nutrients, to the brain.

Nutrients in fennel seeds 

100 grams of fennel seeds contain:

Calcium – 1196 mg

Magnesium – 385 mg

Phosphorous – 487 mg

Potassium – 1694 mg

Vitamin C – 21 mg

Riboflavin - 0.353 mg

Sodium – 88 mg

Dietary fibre – 40 mg

Data based on USDA (United States Department of Agriculture) - National Nutrient Database for Standard Reference

Apart from children, adults can also derive many health benefits from fennel seeds. Some of these include promoting hair growth, easing of menopause symptoms, aiding weight loss and reducing cholesterol levels. 

Include fennel seeds in your family's daily diet for a dose of good health. 

About the expert:

Reviewed by Priya Kathpal on 7 September 2018

Nutritionist Priya Kathpal has a Master’s degree in Dietary Food Service Management with a PG Diploma in Dietetics, Bsc Applied Nutrition and is also a certified sports nutritionist. With over 10 years of experience in fitness industry she has been involved in clinical and sports nutrition consultations in corporate, gym, fitness centres, clinic set up and R&D team of sports nutrition products.

About the author:

Written by Siddiqha Naseem on 6 September 2018; updated on 27 May 2020

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