Everything you need to know about storage of breast milk

World Breastfeeding Week: We look at how breast milk can be stored so that a baby need not be deprived of it even if the mother is away at work. Read on for more...

By Dr Madhuri Prabhu

Everything you need to know about storage of breast milk

World Breastfeeding Week is celebrated every year from 1 to 7 August to encourage breastfeeding and improve the health of babies. 

Mother's milk is considered the best food for babies, and not without reason – it supplies all the nutrients in the right quantities, protects against allergies and infections, is easily digestible and prevents obesity. It is always available at the perfect temperature and is safe. With the number of benefits it offers, it is only right that babies must not be deprived of mother's milk. But, what if the mother has to go to work and is unable to breastfeed the baby? Well, the answer is to express and store mother's milk, and feed the baby whenever required.

Instances when mother's milk needs to be stored

One of the biggest problems faced by new mothers working outside home is how to provide the best nutrition for their babies. For such mothers, expressing and storing mother's milk is a convenient option. It allows them to pursue their career without compromising on the quality and quantity of milk available for their babies.

Preterm babies who are unable to suck and swallow (due to various complications of premature birth) benefit by being fed with expressed mother's milk till they can feed directly from their mothers. Also, babies who have undergone surgeries or are under intensive care can benefit from expressed mother's milk.

New mothers can find breastfeeding very taxing, both physically and mentally, because they have to take over soon after childbirth. To give mothers a break from this routine, babies can be fed expressed mother's milk by family members instead of substituting with formula feeds.

In addition to the above, variations in breast anatomy like flat, inverted or sore nipples may also require feeding expressed breast milk.

No matter what the circumstances are, it is important that utmost care is taken while expressing milk.

What are the must-have foods for a breastfeeding mother? Click the article below to find out.


How to express breast milk

Mother's milk can be expressed by the hands or with a breast pump. Choose a time when you are relaxed to increase the flow of milk.

When expressing by hand, start with massaging the breast gently. Compress the area behind the nipple to spray the milk. Do this by putting your thumb on top and your index finger exactly underneath. Compress rhythmically until the spraying stops. Repeat by changing the direction slightly. With practice, you can do this effectively.

You can also express milk by using a pump. It takes about 15 to 45 minutes to pump both breasts depending on the pump you choose. For more information on choosing the right pump and the right way to use it, click the article below.

Facts to remember before expressing milk

  • Hand washing is a must prior to expressing milk
  • Always express milk in sterile containers
  • Store small quantities in each container (2–4 ounces)
  • Stick a label to document the time and date of expressing prior to storage

Once milk is expressed, the next important step is to ensure it is stored under favourable temperature conditions. Here’s what you need to know.

Duration of storage

Everything you need to know about storage of breast milk

Reference: Academy of Breastfeeding Medicine (2004) Clinical Protocol Number #8: Human Milk Storage Information for Home Use for Healthy Full Term Infants. Princeton Junction, New Jersey

How to use the expressed milk?

  • Do not heat stored milk in a microwave oven.
  • Always thaw the milk by placing the container in which it is stored in warm water.
  • Once thawed, use within 4–6 hours.
  • Do not shake the container vigorously.

There is a myth that expressed mother's milk may be harmful to a baby. This is completely false. Mother's milk is the best start a mother can give her baby. Expressing mother's milk and storing it for later use, if done correctly, stands to benefit both the mother and the baby. It also promotes breastfeeding.

For further queries on breastfeeding, and expressing and storing mother's milk, speak to your paediatrician.

Dr. Madhuri Prabhu is a paediatrician based in Chennai.

Want to know why it is important to breastfeed your baby? Read the following ClipBook.