At the preschool stage, children become more active learners. As a result, they start posing questions about the world around them. They begin to understand the rules of behaviour; so make sure you explain to them the reason behind rules. They may try hard to please and become more cooperative. Also, they start learning to take initiatives. Let’s look at some other specific cognitive developments of a four-year-old:
- Recognise and match colours: He can recognise and name some colours. Initially, he may start by recognising the primary colours, namely red, yellow and blue. But later on, he will learn how different colours mix to create secondary colours of orange, green and purple. Once your child starts using crayons, ask him to tell the names of the colours he has used in his drawing. Repeating the names will help him learn the correct names of colours.
- Understand the concept of numbers: Along with the names of colours, she can understand the concept of counting and may know a few numbers. Your child may be able to identify the number of objects and count from one to ten. Putting his toys in a certain order is a manifestation of his early pre-math skills of comparing and sequencing. Once he learns to count, you can introduce him to basic maths operations such as addition or putting things together. He can also sort objects based on various characteristics such as colour, shape and size.
- Comprehend the concept of same and different: Your child will begin to understand the concepts of ‘same’ and ‘different’. You can help him develop this skill by asking him to point out things that are alike and those that are different. For example, you may ask your child to point out all the white cars or yellow buses while going to school.
- Have a clearer sense of time: He begins to form a better understanding of time. He understands the difference between morning and evening, past and present, and different seasons of the year.
- Recall parts of a story: Stories begin to make sense to her. She starts paying attention to story sequence and begins to understand that every story has a beginning, a middle and an end. Guided questions can help your child understand the stories you tell her better.
- Draw recognisable pictures: He can draw some patterns on paper that may roughly resemble a circle. Drawing can be an interesting activity to your child and he may spend a long time vigorously scribbling or painting. Sometimes, he may think that the shapes he has painted resemble something he has seen.
You can help your child improve his new skills by playing fun games or reading him a lot of stories. Ensure that you spend some time with him every day to help him learn through play and bond with him.
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