5 Fun Science Activities for Preschoolers
Learning science is important not only for students of higher classes, but for younger children as well. Here are some fun activities to teach science to a preschooler.
By Arun Sharma • 8 min read
Curiosity is a part of a child’s nature. This spurs him to ask questions and seek answers. Teaching science to a child sparks his curiosity and encourages him to investigate and learn. Therefore, it is important that you teach science to your preschooler. But, how would you go about teaching science to your little one. Here are some fun preschool science experiments to help your child understand some of the principles of science.
Five fun science activities for kids
1. Salt melts ice
To do this activity, you will require a glass full of water, an ice cube, a piece of string and some salt.
Take a glass of water and add an ice cube to it. Give your child a piece of string and some salt in a bowl, and ask him to lift the ice cube using these. Let your child try for some time. If he is unable to do it, go ahead and show him how to do it.
How to do it
Lay the piece of string across the ice cube and then sprinkle some salt on the string. Wait for a few seconds. Now ask your child to grab the ends of the string and pull the ice cube up. Voila! To his surprise, he can lift it now.
How does ice melt with salt?
Explain the science behind this. When salt is sprinkled, it melts a thin layer of ice and allows the string to sink in. After some time, the ice re-freezes over the string, allowing it to be lifted.
2. Sound travels as waves
Using two paper cups, two matchsticks and a few metres of string, you can explain to your child how sound travels.
Ask your child how her voice travels through the phone to the person she is speaking to. When she turns to you for the answer, both of you can do this simple activity to understand the process.
How to do it
Ask your child to use a matchstick to poke a hole through the base of one of the cups. Insert one end of the thread through this hole and tie it around a matchstick to prevent it from slipping out. Repeat the same with the other cup. Your cup phone is ready. Give one cup to your child and hold one yourself and engage in a long conversation.
How does sound travel through a cup?
Explain to your kid that when she spoke in the cup, her voice created vibrations in the air inside her cup. These vibrations were carried by the string and transferred to the base of your cup, from which it was transferred to the air inside your cup and to your ears. This will help her understand that sound travels in the form of vibrations in the air, or waves.
3. Magnets attract iron experiment
To show this, give your child a magnet and a few items like paper clips and steel tumblers, plastic toys, and some wooden items.
How to do it
Ask your kid to put the magnet near each of the items and point out which get attracted towards the magnet and which do not.
How does a magnet attract iron?
Explain to him that magnets only attract objects made of iron. This will also give you the opportunity to tell your child about different metals as well by pointing to such objects in your house.
4. Mirrors reflect light
Like most children, your child may also be fond of standing before the mirror and performing actions. But, does she know why she can see herself in the mirror?
How to do it
Place a mirror in a dark room. Then, ask your child to stand before it. Ask her if she can see herself in it. Of course, she wouldn’t be able to. Switch on the light and then ask her if she is able to see herself in the mirror now. She will be.
How does a mirror reflect light?
Explain to her that the mirror reflects the light coming from an object. The reflected light appears to her as the image.
5. Gravitational attraction experiment
A glass of water or a ball is all you require to give your child a lesson on gravity.
How to do it
Give your kid a glass of water and ask him to throw it up towards the sky. Now give him a ball and ask him to throw it up as high as he can. Ask him why both the water and ball were unable to remain suspended in the air.
How does gravity work?
Explain to him that the Earth acts like a huge magnet and pulls everything towards itself. This magnetic power is called gravity. It is this magnetism which doesn’t allow things to remain suspended in the Earth’s atmosphere.
Not only does teaching science the fun way spark your child’s curiosity, it also teaches her how to think about a problem and come up with solutions. Also, such fun activities help to dispel the notion that science is a difficult subject to learn and master. Although our article tells you about only five simple activities to teach science, taking cue from these, you can come up with many more such fun experiments.
About the author:
Written by Arun Sharma on 31 August 2017; updated on 26 December 2019
The author was associated with the healthcare industry before becoming a full-time writer and editor. A doting father to two preteens, he believes in experiential learning for his children. Also, he loves mountain trekking and nature trips.
Looking for fun ways to keep your preschooler engaged at home during the pandemic? Check out Little Learners at Home, a home learning programme specifically designed for 3 to 5 year olds by our team of experts.
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