Is it your day to take care of your children and their friends during the summer vacation? No problem, keep them entertained with your stories.
- Narration: Proper presentation of a story is important to capture children’s interest. A simple story with familiar elements is good for narration. Read through the story several times to familiarize yourself so that you can comfortably make eye contact with the children while narrating or reading the story. As you narrate the story, learn to modulate your voice, depending on the character. If a story is complex having many important personalities, you can even dramatize it to the best of your ability.
- Allow interruptions: Allow the children the freedom to interrupt and share their thoughts, queries and excitement after each important sequence in the story. This will encourage creativity. Sometimes, children will even draw parallels between your story and something they had listened to earlier. It shows that they are paying attention to what you are saying.
- Visual aids: Pictures speak a thousand words. Even unfamiliar elements and complex stories can be tackled through visual aids. They avoid distraction among children during narration. Puppets, comic strips and flannel boards are helpful when story sequence, movement and relationships are important.
- Digitized story-telling: This works if you are a comfortable techie and have the patience to weave various elements of the virtual and the real world with the help of your digital gadgets into your presentation. Digitized storytelling involves static and moving images, and sound. Non-linear and interactive narratives are the new faces of story-telling. Avoid too many videos in a tale as they hamper imagination in a child. This form of story-telling will be appreciated by children who are at least 11 years old, and who will find it ‘cool’.
- Participation: The following formats work best with short simple tales and simple plots:
- Active participation: With stories that have action elements, get the children active as they do during a game or a physical activity. As you narrate – they can jump, hop or laugh like the character. Keep them engaged through conversations.
- ‘Acting it out’: After telling the story briefly, let the children become the characters (or props like trees) and ‘act it out’. Usually, the children will want to take turns to be certain characters. It works best with younger school children.
- Choral, chants and “echo stories”: When stories contain repetitive elements, encourage the children to join in with their chants or sound effects - do so first with a pause, then with an eye contact in anticipation, and follow it up with gestures and body language. Continue to ‘cue’ them accordingly, building and varying the intensity and rhythm appropriately.
- Role playing: Role playing is different from acting out a story or dramatizing it. It allows us to redo a scene under different conditions. In role playing, children take on various roles, but the outcome of the story will depend on them, and not on a script. These are helpful for exploring “What if…?” and preparing for real life situations. A discussion should follow the role play.
S Seshadri is a retired education consultant. Read The Art of Story Telling by the same author.