Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

Volcanoes also exist in oceans, Sweden has more than 2,57,000 islands, the centre of the Earth is hotter than the sun! Read on for more such amazing geography facts for kids.

By Dr Priscilla J S Selvaraj

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

Geography is such a captivating and richly diverse subject. It encompasses the study of people, places, the environment and so on. Learning some interesting geography facts can instil an interest for the subject in your child.

Reading books about various lands, watching documentaries, working on geography projects – all these can expand your child’s knowledge. Therefore, encourage your little one to engage in such activities. Also, combine learning with fun by planning family trips. Nothing to beat travel to teach your child about various places.

Amazing facts about geography for kids

To arouse your child's interest in the subject, here are some less known and interesting world geography facts.

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

1. The longest international border

Canada and the USA share the world’s longest international border. It is 8,890 km long.

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

2. Unique fact about volcanoes

Thought volcanoes are found only on land? You’d be surprised that they exist on the ocean floor and on ice caps too.

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

3. Ring of fire

90% of the total volcanoes on the Earth are found in the 40,000 km horse-shoe shaped area in the Pacific Ocean called the ‘Ring of Fire’.

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

4. The Bermuda triangle

The Bermuda Triangle also known as the Devil’s Triangle is an area in the western part of the North Atlantic Ocean. Here ships and planes are said to mysteriously vanish. However, recently researchers and scientists have debunked the ‘mystery’ element in these stories and come up with more logical explanations for the disappearances.

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

5. Maximum number of islands

Sweden has more than 2,57,000 islands – the country with the maximum number of islands.

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

6. The longest coastline

Guess which country has the longest coastline? Well, if you thought it was Australia. You are wrong. It is Canada – 1,52,100 miles long. Australia’s coast is only 16,000 miles long.

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

7. The largest stock of fresh water

Antarctica may be a frozen sheet of ice, but it has almost 90% of the world’s fresh water.

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

8. Most populated hemisphere

About 90% of the world’s population lives in the Northern Hemisphere.

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

9. Country within a country

Can a country lie within another country? Well, yes, there are three such countries – the Vatican within Italy, Lesotho within South Africa, and San Marino again within Italy.

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

10. Lowest temperature ever recorded on the Earth

The lowest temperature ever recorded on the Earth as per entry in the Guinness Book of World Records is -89.2⁰C (-128.6⁰F). Any guesses for where it could have been recorded? Where else, but Antarctica? This was observed using thermometers on July 21, 1983. Of course, in August 2010, a satellite-measured temperature of -94.7C (-135.8F) was recorded; however, it doesn’t feature in the Guinness Book as it was not measured using thermometers.

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

11. Time periods when dinosaurs existed on the Earth

The three time-periods for dinosaurs, which are said to have been roaming on the Earth during the Mesozoic era are – Triassic (approx. 230 - 200 million years ago), Jurassic (201 – 144 million years ago) and Cretaceous (145 – 66 million years ago).

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

12. The Earth’s core

The centre of the Earth is hotter than the sun!

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

13. The deepest hole on the Earth

The Kola Superdeep Borehole in Russia is the deepest hole that has been sunk on the Earth. It measures 12,261 meters.

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

14. The Southern Ocean

The Southern Ocean, which surrounds Antarctica, emerges from the waters of the South Atlantic Ocean, the South Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean. It is the home of the Emperor Penguins and the Wandering Albatrosses.

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

15. The lungs of the Earth

The Amazon rainforest is responsible for producing more than 20% of the world’s supply of oxygen.

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

16. Area on the Earth not owned by any country

Do you know which area of land on the Earth is not owned by any country? It is Antarctica. Countries have set up research stations here. But no country owns the land.

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

17. The oldest inhabited city

The city of Damascus in Syria was founded in the third millennium BC. It was an important commercial and cultural centre even then. This gives Damascus the status of the oldest continuously inhabited city in existence.

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

18. City between two continents

Istanbul, in Turkey, is the only city in the world that lies in two continents – Europe and Asia.

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

19. The driest place on the Earth

Any guesses for the driest place on the Earth? You’ll be surprised to know. It is not a desert but the valleys of the Antarctic near Ross Island. They haven’t received any rainfall for two million years.

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

20. The world’s largest city

The largest city in the world is Hulunbuir in inner Mongolia, China. It is 2,63,953 sq km large. That’s almost half the size of France!

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

21. The world’s smallest country

The smallest country in the world is the Vatican. It is a mere 0.44 sq km!

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

22. Time difference between Tomorrow Island and Yesterday Island

Two islands constitute the Diomede Islands – one (the Big Diomede) is owned by Russia, the other (the Little Diomede) is owned by America. While the distance between the two islands is only 3.86 km, the time difference is 21 hours! This is because the International Date Line passes between them. This has earned the islands the nicknames, Tomorrow Island and Yesterday Island!

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

23. The largest third-order island

Victoria Island, in Canada, is the world’s largest third-order island – an island within a lake on an island within a lake on an island. Yes, you’ll need to read it again!

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

24. Time zones in Russia

Russia spans 11 time-zones. If it is dawn in one end of Russia, at the other end it would be dusk!

Top 25 Interesting Geography Facts For Kids

25. The 5,614km long fence

The longest fence in the world is in Australia. Known as the Dingo Fence or Dog Fence, it is 5,614km long. Originally meant to be a rabbit-proof fence, it was later converted to a dog barrier to protect sheep from the dingoes.

To further arouse your child’s interest in geography, get her books on geography for kids or make her involved in projects on facts about geography.

About the author:

Written by Dr Priscilla J S Selvaraj, PhD (Eng & Edu) on 13 November 2017; updated on 14 February 2020.

The author is an educationist, language specialist and writer. In a career spanning over two decades, she has taught from preschool to B-School and trained teachers, master trainers and software professionals. She is also a former member of curriculum and syllabus development committees (Govt of Tamil Nadu). Her passion for the written word matches her enthusiasm for entertaining little kids by breaking out into nursery rhymes.

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