Here is a whole range of pre-writing activities that you can involve your toddler in, to help him develop his fine motor and writing skills.
By Lakshmi Naish
In an era of technology that we live in, with the fingers moving fast across the QWERTY keyboard, the art of handwriting is deteriorating. Computers and smartphones are dominating our lives. But, we should never forget that the mastery of penmanship is irreplaceable. Good writing skills bring along a host of benefits that play a strong role in shaping the mental health of a child. Healthy early writing skills can have numerous benefits as the child grows up. It leads to:
Many children suffer from poor writing skills early. Why does this happen? S Lakshmi, teacher at DAV Group of Institutions, Hyderabad, states, “I come across many parents, especially in the kindergarten sections, sounding very worried about their children's pencil grip and overall handwriting. We, in India, still do not give attention to key elements like motor strength, pincer grasp, eye-hand coordination and a host of other required activities before a child starts writing.”
Pre-writing activities are the basic skills for children to muster strength and dexterity in their hands. This helps a child hold and use things properly, say, a pencil to draw; a brush to paint. “Interesting exercises with everyday objects around the house ensure that the child's fingers get the firmness of grip. Also, rotatory movements help the elbow and the wrist,” reckons Mrs Vidya Sankar, Founder, Relief Foundation, Chennai.
Pre-writing skills act as the building blocks in developing legible handwriting. Underdeveloped writing skills may stress the fingers and tire them. They can contribute to poor academic performance and lower self-esteem.
Apart from helping develop good writing skills, pre-writing activities helps you spend quality time with your children, and keeps them away from gadgets. So, what are you waiting for? Take those smartphones away from your child and buy him a box of building blocks, colourful playdough or a set of colouring books. Enjoy watching him scribble, doodle and make his first attempts at writing.
Rolling the dough and making it into fine balls and other shapes are activities that not only provide your child with enjoyment but also add strength to his hands and fingers.
Children will usually be enthusiastic to scribble and colour the walls in your house. Do not discourage your child from doing this as it helps develop her fine motor skills and eye-hand co-ordination. However, if you are worried about the walls becoming untidy, you can nail a small black or white board within her reach. You can even hang thick chart paper on the wall for your child to scribble on.
It’s a good exercise for your child to develop concentration and eye-hand coordination. It will improve her grasping power while also strengthening the hand muscles. (Ensure children don’t put the beads in their mouth; get large beads and/or supervise).
Let your child play around, holding and moving tiny objects with tongs. Using tweezers and tongs aids in developing fine motor skills in children. It also improves precision, hand manipulation and strength of grip.
Spread any of these substances on a tray and get your child to trace the letters of the alphabet or designs on it with her finger.
Scrunching paper and making them into balls are fun activities. Get your child to scrunch out paper balls; set up a dartboard and let your child attempt to hit the bull’s eye with the paper balls. This activity also increases the muscle strength.
Make an outline of your child’s favourite character. Keep the image simple. Have him cut out the image. Use of scissors is a great way to strengthen hand muscles, manage pressure on the fingers and skilfully manipulate tools. It improves the ability to grasp a pencil.
Take a glass of water and get your child to transfer the water using a dropper to another cup. The squeezing motion is a good pre-writing activity, which helps build strength in the hands.
It is a good writing-readiness activity, which will help your child gain control in holding and using the pencil.
Hang baby clothes on a clothesline and make your child pin the clothes to it. Opening and fixing clothespins gives strength and flexibility to the fingers.
Note: Exercise caution when your child is using the scissors, beads, tweezers and tongs.
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